Synopsis of Cotesia species, biological agents for pest control on vegetables in Vietnam, with description of one new species

in Tijdschrift voor Entomologie
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?

Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.


Have Institutional Access?

Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?


The biology of four allied species of the genus Cotesia Cameron is reviewed. All these species were reared from larvae of pest insects mainly belonging to the families Lymantriidae, Noctuidae, Pieridae and Plutellidae. They are larval endoparasitoids and considered as important agents for biological control of pest insects infesting different vegetable crops in Vietnam, such as cabbage, kohlrabi, small colza, cauliflower, peanut, soybeans, and various other legumes. Of those four species, Cotesia clethrogynae Long sp. n., is described as new and illustrated; the biology and distribution of the other three allied species are given, they are illustrated and compared, and a key to four species is provided.

This paper resulted from the identification of a new species of Cotesia reared from limantrid larvae of Clethrogynae turbata Butler and the necessity to compare related species. The host is an important pest infestant on soybean, different beans, peas and peanut in Vietnam.

Tijdschrift voor Entomologie

A Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Entomology since 1857



AustinA.D.DangerfieldP.C., 1992. Synopsis of Australasian Microgastrinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), with a key to genera and description of new taxa. – Invertebrate Taxonomy 6: 176.

BhatnagarS.P., 1948. Studies on Apanteles Foerster (Vipionidae: Parasitic Hymenoptera) from India. – The India Journal of Entomology 10: 134203.

LongK.D., 2007. Three new species of the subfamily Microgastrinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) from Vietnam. – Tạp Chí Sinh Học 29(3): 2531.

LongK.D., 2010. Five new species of the genus Apanteles (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Microgastrinae) from Vietnam. – Tạp Chí Sinh Học 32(4): 6979.

LongK.D.BelokobylskijS.A., 2003. A preliminary list of the Braconidae (Hymenoptera) of Vietnam. – Russian Entomological Journal 12: 385398.

MarshP.M., 1979. The braconid (Hymenoptera) parasites of the gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar (Lepidoptera, Lymantriidae). – Annals of the Entomological Society of America 72: 794810.

MasonW.R.M., 1981. The polyphyletic nature of Apanteles Foerster (Hymenoptera: Braconidae): A phylogeny and reclassification of Microgastrinae. – Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada 115: 1147.

NixonG.E.J., 1965. A reclassification of the tribe Microgasterini (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). – Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Entomology Supplement 2: 1284.

NixonG.E.J., 1974. A revision of the north-westerm European species of the glomeratus-group of Apanteles Foerster (Hymenoptera, Braconidae). – Bulletin of Entomological Research 64: 453524.

PappJ., 1989. A survey of the European species of Apanteles Foerster (Hymenoptera, Braconidae: Microgastrinae) XII Supplement to the key of the glomeratus-group. – Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici 81: 159203.

RaoS.N., 1961. Key to the Oriental species of Apanteles Foester (Hymenoptera). – Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences India (B) 31: 3246.

ShawM.R., 2003: Revised synonymy in the genus Cotesia Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Microgastrinae: The identity of Microgaster vestalis Haliday, 1834, as a senior synonym of Apanteles plutellae Kurdjumov, 1912. – Entomologist’s Gazette 543: 187189.

van AchterbergC., 1993. Illustrated key to the subfamilies of the Braconidae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonoidea). – Zoologische Verhandelingen Leiden 283: 1189.

van AchterbergC., 1997. Revision of the Haliday collection of Braconidae (Hymenoptera). – Zoologische Verhandelingen Leiden 314: 1115.

YouL.XiongS., 1983. Two new species of Apanteles Foerster from China (Hymenoptera: Braconidae, Microgasterinae). – Entomotaxonomia 5: 225229.

YouL.ZhouZ., 1988. A new species of Apanteles from reed field in Shandong, China. – Acta Entomologica Sinica 13: 305307.

YouL.ZhouZ., 1989. A new species of Paddy Field Apanteles Foerster from Hunan, China (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). – Entomotaxonomia 11: 307309.

YouL.WangZ.ZhouZ., 1989. New species and new records of Apanteles Foerster from China (Hymenoptera: Braconidae, Microgasterinae). – Acta Entomologica Sinica 33: 237242.

YuD.S.van AchterbergC.HorstmannK., 2013. Ichneumonoidea 2012 (Biological and taxonomical information). – Taxapad Interactive Catalogue, Ottawa, ON.


  • Cotesia clethrogynae Long sp. n. – 1, mesonotum; 2, mesopleuron; 3, hypopygium and ovipositor (lateral view); 4, female (habitus); 5, metasomal tergites 1 + 2 + 3; 6, fourth instar larvae of Clethrogyna turbata Butler; 7, Clethrogyna turbata moth; 8, hind coxa (dorsal view); 9, fore wing.

    View in gallery
  • Cotesia glomerata (L.). – 10, mesonotum; 11, metasomal tergites 1 + 2 + 3; 12, mesopleuron; 13, fore wing; 14, fourth instar larvae of Pieris canidia; 15, cocoons on cabbage.

    View in gallery
  • Cotesia ruficrus (Haliday). – 16, mesonotum; 17, metasomal tergites 1 + 2 + 3; 18, hypopygium and ovipositor (lateral view); 19, fore wing.

    View in gallery
  • Cotesia vestalis (Haliday). – 20, mesonotum; 21, metasomal tergites 1 + 2 + 3; 22, hypopygium and ovipositor (lateral view); 23, fore wing; 24, hind coxa (dorsal view).

    View in gallery


Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 9 9 8
Full Text Views 8 8 8
PDF Downloads 1 1 1
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0