Synopsis of Cotesia species, biological agents for pest control on vegetables in Vietnam, with description of one new species

in Tijdschrift voor Entomologie
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The biology of four allied species of the genus Cotesia Cameron is reviewed. All these species were reared from larvae of pest insects mainly belonging to the families Lymantriidae, Noctuidae, Pieridae and Plutellidae. They are larval endoparasitoids and considered as important agents for biological control of pest insects infesting different vegetable crops in Vietnam, such as cabbage, kohlrabi, small colza, cauliflower, peanut, soybeans, and various other legumes. Of those four species, Cotesia clethrogynae Long sp. n., is described as new and illustrated; the biology and distribution of the other three allied species are given, they are illustrated and compared, and a key to four species is provided.

This paper resulted from the identification of a new species of Cotesia reared from limantrid larvae of Clethrogynae turbata Butler and the necessity to compare related species. The host is an important pest infestant on soybean, different beans, peas and peanut in Vietnam.

Tijdschrift voor Entomologie

A Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Entomology since 1857

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References

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Figures

  • Cotesia clethrogynae Long sp. n. – 1, mesonotum; 2, mesopleuron; 3, hypopygium and ovipositor (lateral view); 4, female (habitus); 5, metasomal tergites 1 + 2 + 3; 6, fourth instar larvae of Clethrogyna turbata Butler; 7, Clethrogyna turbata moth; 8, hind coxa (dorsal view); 9, fore wing.

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  • Cotesia glomerata (L.). – 10, mesonotum; 11, metasomal tergites 1 + 2 + 3; 12, mesopleuron; 13, fore wing; 14, fourth instar larvae of Pieris canidia; 15, cocoons on cabbage.

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  • Cotesia ruficrus (Haliday). – 16, mesonotum; 17, metasomal tergites 1 + 2 + 3; 18, hypopygium and ovipositor (lateral view); 19, fore wing.

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  • Cotesia vestalis (Haliday). – 20, mesonotum; 21, metasomal tergites 1 + 2 + 3; 22, hypopygium and ovipositor (lateral view); 23, fore wing; 24, hind coxa (dorsal view).

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