Revision of the genus Ochterus (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Ochteridae) in Mesoamerica and the United States

in Tijdschrift voor Entomologie
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The genus Ochterus is revised for Mesoamerica and the continental United States. The fauna as currently understood contains ten previously described species, and the following ten new species described herein: O. chiapensis from southeastern Mexico, O. costaricensis from Costa Rica, Panama and El Salvador, O. explanatus from western Mexico, O. mexicanus from central Mexico, O. obscurus from Costa Rica, O. ovatus from southeastern Mexico, O. panamensis from Panama, O. pseudorotundus from northeastern Mexico, O. shepardi from Costa Rica, and O. smaragdinus from southeastern Mexico. Ochterus flaviclavus Barber is shown to represent an intraspecific color morph of O. banksi Barber and is synonymized under the latter species. Color photographs of the dorsal body and frons, as well as line drawings of male genitalic structures, are provided for all species treated, accompanied by distribution maps.

Revision of the genus Ochterus (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Ochteridae) in Mesoamerica and the United States

in Tijdschrift voor Entomologie

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References

BaehrM. 1990a. Ochterus noualhieri sp. n., a new ochterid from Java [Heteroptera, Ochteridae]. – Revue Française d'Entomologie (N.S.) 12: 9193.

BaehrM. 1990b. Revision of the genus Ochterus Latreille in the Australian Region (Heteroptera: Ochteridae). – Entomologica Scandinavica 20: 449477.

BarberH. G. 1913. Description of two new species of Ochterus Latr. (Hemiptera) with an arrangement of the North American species. – The Canadian Entomologist45: 213215.

BolivarD. I. 1879. Hemípteros nuevos del museo de Madrid. – Anales de la Sociedad Española de Historia Natural 8: 130–146.

ChampionG. C. 1897–1901. Insecta. Rhynchota Hemiptera-Heteroptera. – In: F. D. Godman & O. Salvin (Eds) : Biologia Centrali-Americana Vol. II. xvi + 416 pp. 22 pl. R.H. Porter London UK.

CianferoniF. 2012. The Ochteridae of Ecuador, with new records and an identification key (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Nepomorpha). – Zootaxa 3260: 6268.

CordieroI. R. S.MoreiraF. F. F. and Da SilvaF. A. C.. 2014. A new Ochterus (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Ochteridae) from northeastern Brazil, with a key to the speecies recorded from the country. – Zootaxa 3860 (5): 493497.

DrakeC. J. 1952. Concerning American Ochteridae (Hemiptera). – Florida Entomologist35: 7275.

GapudV. P. & San ValentinH. O.1977. The Ochteridae (Hemiptera) of the Philippines. – Kalikasan Philippine Journal of Biology6: 269300.

Herrera MadrigalF. 2014. First record of the genus Ocyocherus from Colombia and new records of Ochteridae from Costa Rica (Hemiptera: Heteroptera). – Acta Biológica Colombia20 (2): 255257.

KormilevN. A. 1971. Ochteridae from the Oriental and Australian Regions. – Pacific Insects 13: 429444.

KormilevN. A. 1973. Ochteridae from Western and Southern Africa (Hemiptera: Heteroptera). – Occasional Papers of the California Academy of Sciences 106: 19.

MenkeA. S. 1979. Family Ochteridae/Velvety Shore Bugs. – In: A. S. Menke (Ed.), The Aquatic and Semi-Aquatic Hemiptera of California (Heteroptera: Hemiptera). Bulletin of the California Insect Survey Vol. 21 pp. 124–125. University of California Press Berkeley CA USA.

MoreiraF. F. F.BarosaJ. F.RibieroJ. R. I. and AlecrimV. P.. 2011. Checklist and distribution of semiaquatic and aquatic Heteroptera (Gerromorpha and Nepomorpha) occurring in Brazil. – Zootaxa 2958: 174.

NaranjoC.RiviauxS. M.MoreiraF. F. F. and CourtR. C.. 2010. Taxonomy and distribution of aquatic and semiaquatic Heteroptera (Insecta) from Cuba. – Revista de Biologia Tropical (International Journal of Tropical Biology) 58: 897907.

NieserN. 1975. The water bugs (Heteroptera: Nepomorpha) of the Guyana region. – Studies of the Fauna of Suriname and other Guyanas 16: 1308.

NieserN. and ChenP.-P.. 1992. Notes on Gelastocoridae and Ochteridae (Heteroptera) with description of five new species. – Storkia 1: 213.

PolhemusD. A. 1992. The first records of the families Ochteridae and Hebridae (Heteroptera) from the granitic Seychelles, with descriptions of two new species. – Journal of the New York Entomological Society100: 418423.

PolhemusD. A. & PolhemusJ. T.. 1988. Family Ochteridae Kirkaldy, 1906/The Velvety Shore Bugs. – In: HenryT. J. & FroeschnerR. C. (Eds) Catalog of the Heteroptera, or True Bugs, of Canada and the Continental United States pp. 541–543. E. J. Brill New York NY USA.

PolhemusD. A. and PolhemusJ. T.. 2008. A new Indian Ocean species of Ochterus from the island of Mauritius (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Ochteridae). – Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae48: 281288.

PolhemusD. A. and PolhemusJ. T.. 2012. Guide to the aquatic Heteroptera of Singapore and Peninsular Malaysia. IX. Infraorder Nepomorpha, families Ochteridae and Gelastocoridae. – The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology60: 343359.

PolhemusJ. T. and PolhemusM. S.. 1976. Aquatic and semiaquatic Heteroptera of the Grand Canyon (Insecta: Hemiptera). – Great Basin Naturalist36: 221226.

SchellD. V. 1943. The Ochteridae (Hemiptera) of the Western Hemisphere. – Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society16: 2947.

UhlerP.R. 1884. Order VI.–Hemiptera. – In: KingsleyJ. S. (Ed.) The Standard Natural History Volume II pp. 204296. S. E. Cassino & Co. Boston, MA, USA.

Figures

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    Ochterus viridifrons (Champion), dorsal habitus. Female specimen from Mexico, Guerrero, Los Terreros, CL 1896.

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    Pronotal structures of Ochterus species, showing shape and location of pronotal tubercle, and variable degree of expansion of the anterolateral margin – 2, O. explanatus n. sp., specimen from Mexico, Durango, near Los Bancos; 3, O. banksi Barber, USA, Texas, Columbus, CL 368.

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    Male proctiger of Ochterus species, illustrating variations in form among taxa – 5, O. schellae Drake, specimen from Mexico, Temescaltepec; 6, O. perbosci (Guérin-Menéville), specimen from Texas, Hidalgo Co., Bentson-Rio Grande State Park; 7, O. pseudorotundus n. sp., specimen from Mexico, Tamaulipas, Bocatoma; 8, O. banksi Barber, specimen from USA, Texas, Columbus, CL 368; 9, O. rotundus J. Polhemus & M. Polhemus, specimen from Mexico, Durango, near Los Bancos, CL 1017; 10, O. panamensis n. sp., specimen from Panama, Panama Prov., Serrania de Majé, CL 2779.

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    Ochterus chiapensis n. sp., male aedeagus, with major structures labelled. (Left) aedeagus; (right) detail of apex of distal flagellum. Specimen from Mexico, Chiapas, near Ixhuatan, CL 672.

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    Male aedeagus of Ochterus species, illustrating variations in form among taxa – 12, O. obscurus n. sp., specimen from Costa Rica, Cartago, Tapanti; 13, O. perbosci (Guérin-Menéville), specimen from Texas, Hidalgo Co., Bentson-Rio Grande State Park; 14, O. manni Hungerford, specimen from Costa Rica, Puntarenas, Boca de Barranca, CL 1306; 15, O. viridifrons (Champion), specimen from Mexico, Oaxaca, W of Tequisistlan, CL 1064.

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    Ochterus schellae Drake, dorsal habitus. Female specimen from Guatemala, Sacatepequéz, near Sololá, CL 1824.

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    Ochterus schellae Drake, head, anterior view. Female specimen from Guatemala, Sacatepequéz, near Sololá, CL 1824.

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    Ochterus manni Hungerford, male genitalia in lateral view, with major structures labelled. Specimen from Costa Rica, Guanacaste, 15 mi. N of Palmar Norte, CL 1302.

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    Ochterus acutangulus (Champion), dorsal habitus. Male specimen from Mexico, Chiapas, 7 mi. N of Arriaga, CL 1072.

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    Ochterus acutangulus (Champion), head, anterior view. Female specimen from Belize, Cayo, Rio Maya, CL 643.

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    Ochterus acutangulus (Champion), male genitalic structures – 18, right paramere; 19, detail of terminal section of right paramere; 20, terminal section of right paramere in alternate view; 21, left paramere. Specimen from Mexico, Chiapas, 7 mi. N of Arriaga, CL 1072.

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    Distribution of Ochterus acutangulus in Mesoamerica.

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    Ochterus aeneifrons aeneifrons (Champion), dorsal habitus. Female specimen from Mexico, Oaxaca, El Carmen, CL 1068.

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    Ochterus aeneifrons aeneifrons (Champion), dorsal habitus. Female specimen from Mexico, Guerrero, Los Terreros, CL 1896.

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    Ochterus aeneifrons aeneifrons (Champion), head, anterior view. Female specimen from Mexico, Oaxaca, El Carmen, CL 1068.

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    Ochterus aeneifrons aeneifrons (Champion), male genitalic structures – 26, right paramere; 27, detail of terminal section of right paramere; 28, left paramere; 29, apex of pygophore. Specimen from USA, Illinois, Lake Co., Dead River.

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    Distribution of Ochterus aeneifrons aeneifrons in Mesoamerica.

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    Ochterus americanus (Uhler), dorsal habitus. Female specimen from USA, Missouri, Tucker Prairie.

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    Ochterus americanus (Uhler), head, anterior view. Female specimen from USA, Missouri, Tucker Prairie.

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    Ochterus americanus (Uhler), male genitalic structures – 33, right paramere; 34, detail of terminal section of right paramere; 35, left paramere; 36, apex of pygophore. Specimen from USA, Illinois, Lake Co., Dead River.

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    Distribution of Ochterus americanus (Uhler) in North America.

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    Ochterus banksi Barber, dorsal habitus. Female specimen of macropterous form from USA, Texas, Ingleside.

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    Ochterus banksi Barber, dorsal habitus. Female specimen of brachypterous form from USA, Texas, Ingleside.

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    Ochterus banksi Barber, dorsal habitus. Female specimen of ‘intermediate’ form from USA, Texas, Ingleside.

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    Ochterus banksi Barber, dorsal habitus. Female specimen of ‘flaviclavus’ form from USA, Texas, Ingleside.

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    Ochterus banksi Barber, head, anterior view. Female specimen of from USA, Texas, Ingleside.

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    Ochterus banksi Barber, male genitalic structures – 43, right paramere; 44, detail of terminal section of right paramere; 45, apex of pygophore. Specimen from USA, Texas, Colorado Co., Columbus.

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    Distribution of Ochterus banksi Barber in North America.

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    Ochterus barberi Schell, dorsal habitus. Female specimen from USA, California, Bard.

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    Ochterus barberi Schell, head, anterior view. Female specimen from USA, California, Bard.

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    Ochterus barberi Schell, male genitalic structures – 49, right paramere; 50, detail of terminal section of right paramere; 51, left paramere; 52, apex of pygophore. Specimen from Mexico, Sonora, near Guaymas, CL 1207.

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    Distribution of Ochterus barberi Schell in North America.

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    Ochterus chiapensis n. sp., dorsal habitus. Female specimen from Mexico, Chiapas, near Ixhuatan, CL 672.

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    Ochterus chiapensis n. sp., head, anterior view. Female specimen from Mexico, Chiapas, near Ixhuatan, CL 672.

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    Ochterus chiapensis n. sp., male genitalic structures – 56, right paramere, inner view of apex; 57, right paramere; 58, detail of terminal section of right paramere; 59, left paramere; 60, apex of pygophore, lateral view; 61, apex of pygophore, ventral view. Specimen from Mexico, Chiapas, Santa Fe, CL 1101.

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    Distribution of Ochterus species in Mesoamerica. ● O. chiapensis n. sp.; ■︎ O. costaricensis n. sp.

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    Ochterus costaricensis n. sp., dorsal habitus. Female specimen from Costa Rica, Guanacaste, 15 km N of Palmar Norte, CL 1302.

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    Ochterus costaricensis n. sp., dorsal habitus. Male specimen showing dark color form, from Costa Rica, Guanacaste, 15 km N of Palmar Norte, CL 1302.

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    Ochterus costaricensis n. sp., head, anterior view. Female specimen from Costa Rica, Guanacaste, 15 km N of Palmar Norte, CL 1302.

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    Ochterus costaricensis n. sp., male genitalic structures – 66, right paramere, inner view of apex; 67, right paramere; 68, detail of terminal section of right paramere; 69, male left paramere; 70, apex of pygophore. Specimen from Costa Rica, San Jose.

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    Ochterus explanatus n. sp., dorsal habitus. Female specimen from Mexico, Durango, 7 mi. W of Los Bancos.

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    Ochterus explanatus n. sp., head, anterior view. Female specimen from Mexico, Durango, 7 mi. W of Los Bancos.

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    Distribution of Ochterus species in Mesoamerica. ● O. explanatus n. sp.; ■ O. obscurus n. sp.

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    Ochterus manni Hungerford, dorsal habitus. Male specimen from Costa Rica, Guanacaste, 15 km N of Palmar Norte, CL 1970.

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    Ochterus manni Hungerford, dorsal habitus. Male specimen from Panama, San Carlos.

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    Ochterus manni Hungerford, head, anterior view. Male specimen from Costa Rica, Guanacaste, 15 km N of Palmar Norte, CL 1970.

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    Ochterus manni Hungerford, male genitalic structures – 77, right paramere; 78, detail of terminal section of right paramere; 79, left paramere; 80, left paramere, alternate view; 81, apex of pygophore. Specimen from Costa Rica, Puntarenas, Boca de Barranca, CL 1306.

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    Distribution of Ochterus species in Mesoamerica. ● O. ovatus n. sp.; ■ O. manni Hungerford.

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    Ochterus mexicanus n. sp., dorsal habitus. Female specimen from Mexico, Morelos, Oaxtepec, CL 1048.

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    Ochterus mexicanus n. sp., head, anterior view. Female specimen from Mexico, Morelos, Oaxtepec, CL 1048.

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    Ochterus mexicanus n. sp., male genitalic structures – 85, right paramere, inner view of apex; 86, right paramere; 87, detail of terminal section of right paramere; 88, male left paramere. Specimen from Mexico, Morelos, Cuautla, CL 1035.

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    Head and pronotal morphology of Ochterus species – 89, O. parvus Schell, male holotype specimen from Ecuador, Mera; 90, O mexicanus n. sp., male specimen from Mexico, Morelos, Cuautla, CL 1035.

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    Distribution of Ochterus mexicanus n. sp. in Mesoamerica.

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    Ochterus obscurus n. sp., dorsal habitus. Female specimen from Costa Rica, Cartago, Tapanti.

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    Ochterus obscurus n. sp., head, anterior view. Female specimen from Costa Rica, Cartago, Tapanti.

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    Ochterus obscurus n. sp., male genitalic structures – 94, right paramere; 95, detail of terminal section of right paramere; 96, left paramere; 97, apex of pygophore. Specimen from Costa Rica, Cartago, Tapanti.

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    Ochterus ovatus n. sp., dorsal habitus. Female specimen from Mexico, Chiapas, 5 mi. N of Bochil, CL 1090.

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    Ochterus ovatus n. sp., head, anterior view. Female specimen from Mexico, Chiapas, 5 mi. N of Bochil, CL 1090.

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    Ochterus ovatus n. sp., male genitalic structures – 100, right paramere; 101, detail of terminal section of right paramere; 102, left paramere; 103, apex of pygophore. Specimen from Mexico, Chiapas, Soyalo, CL 1086.

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    Ochterus panamensis n. sp., dorsal habitus. Female specimen from Panama, Serrania de Mahé, CL 2779.

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    Ochterus panamensis n. sp., head, anterior view. Female specimen from Panama, Serrania de Mahé, CL 2779.

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    Ochterus panamensis n. sp., male genitalic structures – 106, right paramere; 107, detail of terminal section of right paramere; 108, left paramere; 109, apex of pygophore. Specimen from Panama, Serrania de Mahé, CL 2779.

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    Distribution of Ochterus species in Mesoamerica. ● O. schellae Drake; ■ O. panamensis n. sp.

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    Ochterus perbosci (Guérin-Menéville), dorsal habitus. Specimen from Belize, Sittee Point.

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    Ochterus perbosci (Guérin-Menéville), head, anterior view. Specimen from Belize, Sittee Point.

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    Ochterus perbosci (Guérin-Menéville), morphological details – 113, male right paramere; 114, detail of terminal section of male right paramere; 115, male left paramere; 116, pronotal margin, left side, showing location of small hooked process at anterolateral angle.

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    Distribution of Ochterus perbosci (Guérin-Menéville) in Mesoamerica.

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    Ochterus pseudorotundus n. sp., dorsal habitus. Female specimen from Mexico, Tamaulipas, Bocatoma.

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    Ochterus pseudorotundus n. sp., dorsal habitus. Female specimen from Mexico, Nuevo Leon, Potrero Redondo.

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    Ochterus pseudorotundus n. sp., head, anterior view. Female specimen from Mexico, Nuevo Leon, Potrero Redondo.

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    Ochterus pseudorotundus n. sp., morphological details – 121, right paramere; 122, detail of terminal section of right paramere; 123, left paramere; 124, apex of pygophore. Specimen from Mexico, Tamaulipas, Bocatoma.

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    Distribution of Ochterus species in Mesoamerica. ● O. pseudorotundus n. sp; ■ O. shepardi n. sp.

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    Ochterus rotundus J. Polhemus & M. Polhemus, dorsal habitus. Female specimen from Mexico, Durango, 7 mi. W of Los Bancos, CL 1017.

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    Ochterus rotundus J. Polhemus & M. Polhemus, head, anterior view. Female specimen from Mexico, Durango, 183 km W of Durango.

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    Ochterus rotundus J. Polhemus & M. Polhemus, male genitalic structures – 128, right paramere; 129, right paramere, inner view of apex; 130, detail of terminal section of right paramere; 131, left paramere; 132, apex of pygophore. Specimen from Mexico, Durango, 7 mi. W of Los Bancos.

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    Distribution of Ochterus species in Mesoamerica. ● O. rotundus J. Polhemus & M. Polhemus; ■ O. smaragdinus n. sp.

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    Ochterus schellae Drake, male genitalic structures – 136, right paramere; 137, right paramere, inner view of apex; 138, detail of terminal section of right paramere; 139, left paramere. Specimen from Mexico, Temescaltepec.

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    Ochterus shepardi n. sp., dorsal habitus. Male specimen from Costa Rica, Alajuela, La Fortuna.

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    Ochterus shepardi n. sp., head, anterior view. Male specimen from Costa Rica, Alajuela, La Fortuna.

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    Ochterus shepardi n. sp., male genitalic structures – 142, right paramere; 143, detail of terminal section of right paramere; 144, left paramere; 145, proctiger; 146, apex of pygophore. Specimen from Costa Rica, Alajuela, La Fortuna.

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    Ochterus smaragdinus n. sp., dorsal habitus. Female specimen from Mexico, Chiapas, 7 mi. N of Santa Fe, CL 1102.

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    Ochterus smaragdinus n. sp., head, anterior view. Female specimen from Mexico, Chiapas, 7 mi. N of Santa Fe, CL 1102.

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    Ochterus smaragdinus n. sp., male genitalic structures – 149, right paramere; 150, detail of terminal section of right paramere; 151, left paramere; 152, aedeagus; 153, apex of pygophore. Specimen from Mexico, Chiapas, 7 mi. N of Santa Fe, CL 1102.

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    Ochterus viridifrons (Champion), dorsal habitus. Female specimen from Costa Rica, San Jose.

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    Ochterus viridifrons (Champion), head, anterior view. Female specimen from Costa Rica, San Jose.

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    Ochterus viridifrons (Champion), male genitalic structures – 156, right paramere; 157, detail of terminal section of right paramere; 158, left paramere. Specimen from Mexico, Oaxaca, 29 mi. W of Tequisistlan, CL 1064.

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    Distribution of Ochterus viridifrons (Champion) in Mesoamerica.

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