The genus Ochterus is revised for Mesoamerica and the continental United States. The fauna as currently understood contains ten previously described species, and the following ten new species described herein: O. chiapensis from southeastern Mexico, O. costaricensis from Costa Rica, Panama and El Salvador, O. explanatus from western Mexico, O. mexicanus from central Mexico, O. obscurus from Costa Rica, O. ovatus from southeastern Mexico, O. panamensis from Panama, O. pseudorotundus from northeastern Mexico, O. shepardi from Costa Rica, and O. smaragdinus from southeastern Mexico. Ochterus flaviclavus Barber is shown to represent an intraspecific color morph of O. banksi Barber and is synonymized under the latter species. Color photographs of the dorsal body and frons, as well as line drawings of male genitalic structures, are provided for all species treated, accompanied by distribution maps.
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