Translating the Preposition ‘m in the Book of Ruth

in Vetus Testamentum
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This article argues that there are six cases in the Book of Ruth where the preposition ‘m may be translated as “under the authority of . . .” (1:7, 11, 22; 2:6, 19 [2x]). The preposition means more than just “with” in these verses.

Vetus Testamentum

A Quarterly Published by the International Organization for the Study of the Old Testament




T. Thompson and D. Thompson, “Some Legal Problems in the Book of Ruth,” VT 18 (1968), p. 96 (emphasis added).


Milgrom, Leviticus 23-27, 2205; cf. E. Speiser, “Leviticus and the Critics,” in Yehezkel Kaufmann Jubilee Volume (ed. M. Haran; Jerusalem, 1960), pp. 38-39. For scholarship on Akkadian parallels that provide evidence for this technical nuance, see Milgrom, Leviticus 23-27, 2205.


On the syntax of 1:9, see J. Schipper, “The Rhetoric and Syntax of Ruth 1:9a,” VT 62 (2012), pp. 642-645.


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