The Sahidic Coptic Version of 4 Maccabees

in Vetus Testamentum
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Abstract

The Coptic Sahidic version of the Fourth Book of Maccabees was discovered by Enzo Lucchesi in the nineteen eighties, but up to this day has not been published. This article presents the extant fragments of the manuscript, stored at the National Library in Paris and the library of the University of Michigan. The paleography of the manuscript and the contents of the version are discussed in the introductory remarks, which are followed by a transcription and English translation of the fragments.

The Sahidic Coptic Version of 4 Maccabees

in Vetus Testamentum

Sections

References

CrumW. E. “The Literary Material” The Monastery of Epiphanius at Thebes Part 1 1926 New York 98 256

CrumW. E. A Coptic Dictionary 1939 Oxford

DepuydtL. Catalogue of Coptic Manuscripts in the Pierpont Morgan Library 1993 Leuven Corpus of Illuminated Manuscripts 4

DörrieH. Passio Sanctorum Machabaeorum: Die antike lateinische Übersetzung des IV. Makkabäerbuches 1938 Göttingen Abhandlungen der Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen Philologisch-historische Klasse Dritte Folge 22

EmmelS. EgbertsA.MuhsB. P.van der VlietJ. “From the Other Side of the Nile: Shenute and Panopolis” Perspectives on Panopolis: An Egyptian Town from Alexander the Great to the Arab Conquest 2002 Leiden 95 113 Papyrologica Lugduno-Batava 31

EmmelS. EmmelJ. S.GotterU. “Shenoute of Atripe and the Christian Destruction of Temples in Egypt: Rhetoric and Reality” From Temple to Church: Destruction and Renewal of Local Cultic Topography in Late Antiquity 2008 Leiden 161 201 Religions in the Graeco-Roman World 163

GiamilS. “Autenticità ed antichità dei nomi di VII Martiri Maccabei” Bessarione 1 1901 448 450 ser. II

HyvernatH.PorcherÉ. “Analyse des manuscrits coptes 1311-8 de la Bibliothèque Nationale” Revue d’Égyptologie 1933 1 105 231 160 278 2 (1936) pp. 65-123.

KasserR. Compléments au Dictionnaire copte de Crum 1964 Cairo

LucchesiE. “Découverte d’une traduction copte du Quatrième livre des Maccabées (BHG 1006)” Analecta Bollandiana 1981 99 302

LucchesiE. “Encore trois feuilles coptes du Quatrième livre des Maccabées” Écritures et traditions dans la littérature copte journée d’études coptes Strasbourg 28 mai 1982 1983 Louvain 21 22 Cahiers de la Bibliothèque Copte 1

MarucchiH. Éléments d’archéologie chrétienne III: Basiliques et églises de Rome 1909 Paris

Μηναία τοῦ ὅλου ἐνιαυτοῦ; τόµος ϛ´ περιέχων τὴν ἀνήκουσαν ἀκολουθίαν τῶν Ἰουλίου καὶ Αὐγούστου 1901 Rome

NakanoCh. “Indices d’une chronologie relative des manuscrits coptes copiés à Toutôn (Fayoum)” Journal of Coptic Studies 2006 8 147 159

ОлмстедХ.М. ПокровскийН.Н. “К изучению библеистики Максима Грека: перевод четвертой книги Маккавеев на церковнославянский язык” Археографический ежегодник за 1992 год 1994 Moscow 91 100

RahlfsA. Verzeichnis der griechischen Handschriften des Alten Testaments 1914 Berlin Mitteilungen des Septuaginta-Unternehmens der Königlichen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen 2

RampollaM. “Martyre et sépulture des Macchabées” Revue de l’art chrétien 1899 48 290 377 457 305 392 465

SchatkinM. “The Maccabean Martyrs” Vigiliae Christianae 1974 28 97 113

ShierL. A. WorrellW.H. “Old Testament Texts on Vellum” Coptic Texts in the University of Michigan Collection 1942 Ann Arbor 23 167 University of Michigan Studies Humanistic Series 46

WitakowskiW. LavenantR. “Mart(y) Shmuni, the Mother of the Maccabean Martyrs, in Syriac Tradition” VI Symposium Syriacum 1992 University of Cambridge Faculty of Divinity 30 August-2 September 1992 1994 Rome 153 168 Orientalia Christiana Analecta 247

1

Lucchesi 1981; Lucchesi 1983.

2

Shier p. 26.

3

See Hyvernat and Porcher 1933pp. 108-11.

4

Cf. Lucchesi 1981.

8

See Nakano p. 152.

9

See Depuydt p. cxv; Nakano p. 151.

10

Lucchesi 1983p. 22.

16

Rampolla p. 465.

18

Giamil p. 449; cf. Witakowski p. 163.

19

Rampolla pp. 460-1; Marucchi pp. 317-8; cf. Schatkin pp. 110-1.

21

Crum 1939p. 778a s.v. ϫⲓⲡⲉ. Crum’s “K9814” is to be corrected to “K9815.”

22

Edited in Emmel 2008pp. 190-7.

23

See Emmel 2002p. 106 n. 56.

Figures

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    Mich. Ms. 158 (34) a, Special Collections Library, University of Michigan

  • View in gallery

    Mich. Ms. 158 (34) b, Special Collections Library, University of Michigan

  • View in gallery

    Mich. Ms. 158 (34) c, Special Collections Library, University of Michigan

  • View in gallery

    Mich. Ms. 158 (34) d, Special Collections Library, University of Michigan

  • View in gallery

    Mich. Ms. 158 (34) e, Special Collections Library, University of Michigan

  • View in gallery

    Mich. Ms. 158 (34) f, Special Collections Library, University of Michigan

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