The present study investigates the methodological presuppositions inherent in a relative dating of Old Testament texts. Using Gen 1-3 as a test case, this study examines one of the most crucial texts in classical Pentateuchal scholarship. Recently, European scholars have tended to assume a late dating for the non-Priestly Eden narrative, an evaluation yielded through comparison with Priestly, Deuteronomic-Deuteronomistic, and late wisdom texts. However, given the lack of distinct textual reference to Priestly texts, the investigation argues that Gen 2-3 constitutes a pre-Priestly composition. In addition, no conclusive evidence indicates either Deuteronomic-Deuteronomistic or late wisdom texts influenced Gen 2-3; in fact, the lexical comparisons commonly adduced are not as conclusive as often believed.
Cf. CarrFractures pp. 74-75; J.C. Gertz “The Formation of the Primeval History” in C.A. Evans et al. (ed.) The Book of Genesis. Composition Reception and Interpretation (vts 152; Leiden/Boston 2012) pp. 107-135 pp. 114-118; Bührer Anfang pp. 142-152.