“Soul-Concepts” in Ancient Near Eastern Mythical Texts and Their Implications for the Primeval History

In: Vetus Testamentum
Michaela Bauks University Koblenz-Landau

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In an occidental perspective, influenced by classical Greek and Hellenist philosophy, the soul is the immaterial part of the human, which becomes, in its incorporeality, the immortal “remainder” of a person after his death. The comparaison of soul concepts (cf. Hasenfratz) in Ancient Near Eastern, Egyptian, Greek archaic texts with the data of the Primeval History exhibits indeed a similar “concept of man” (anthropology), but a lesser elaborate concept of “souls” in the Biblical context.

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