The Sons of Seleucus ii and the Historicity of Dan 11:10

In: Vetus Testamentum
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  • 1 Southern Ct. State University, Hamden, Ct.

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Dan 11:10 presents textual and historical difficulties. While some scholars favor the Qetiv/og reading of bnw “son”, corresponding to what has been seen as the more historical statement that one son of Seleucus ii, the famous Antiochus iii, fought against the Ptolemaic kingdom, others prefer the reading of bnyv/“sons” with the Qere, Th.-Dan. and the Vulgate, though they have not understood the verse in a meaningful historical fashion. This article attempts to show that recent developments in the study of Hellenistic history in Asia Minor demonstrate that both sons of Seleucus ii, first Seleucus iii and then Antiochus iii, raised large forces for campaigns to restore their father’s kingdom to its former glory. Dan 11:10 becomes an interesting example of the historicity of Dan 11.

  • 5

    Montgomery, p. 436.

  • 8

    Driver, p. 169; Collins (1993), p. 378.

  • 11

    Driver, p. 170.

  • 12

    Jonathan A. Goldstein, “The Tales of the Tobiads,” in Christianity, Judaism and other Greco-Roman Cults: Studies for Morton Smith at Sixty, Part Three: Judaism before 70 (Leiden, 1975), p. 98.

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  • 14

    Eugene Ulrich, “The Text of Daniel in the Qumran Scrolls,” in The Book of Daniel: Composition and Reception Vol. 2 (Boston, 2002), pp. 586-607.

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  • 16

    Montgomery, p. 436.

  • 17

    Montgomery, p. 433.

  • 23

    Ma, p. 41.

  • 25

    W. Huss, “Eine ptolemäische Expedition nach Kleinasien,” Anc. Soc. 8 (1977), pp. 187-93.

  • 27

    See Ma, p. 47.

  • 32

    Hartman and Di Lella, p. 82; Di Lella, p. 596.

  • 33

    Collins, (1993), p. 9.

  • 34

    Irenaeus, Against Heresies 3.24.

  • 35

    Collins, (1993), p. 11, n. 97.

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