Noch einmal: Das Verhältnis von Ez 40:44-46 und 44:14-16

in Vetus Testamentum
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In this article it is argued that according to Ez 40:46b both, the priests mentioned in v45b and those mentioned in v46a, are Zadokites (against the majority of interpreters who relate v46b to v46a only). Since the temple is not designated as „sanctuary“ unless the Kabod of YHWH returns (Ez 43:1-12), the duty of the priests in 40:45b is called משׁמרת הבית, a term that is ascribed in Ez 44:14 to the Levites. However, while בית in 40:45 clearly refers to the temple building and thus is a suitable designation for the priestly duty, it refers to the whole temple area in 44:14.

Vetus Testamentum

A Quarterly Published by the International Organization for the Study of the Old Testament




Samuel, Von Priestern zum Patriarchen, 365.


Rudnig, Heilig und Profan, 256; Pohlmann, Das Buch Hesekiel, 562.


Gese, Der Verfassungsentwurf, 126.


Siehe Gese, Der Verfassungsentwurf des Ezechiel, 127; Konkel, Architektonik des Heiligen, 359.


Siehe Konkel, Architektonik des Heiligen, 358.


Siehe Gese, Der Verfassungsentwurf, 65; Block, The Book of Ezekiel, 538; Milgrom, „Ezekiel and the Levites“, 5.


Konkel, Architektonik des Heiligen, 47-48.


Duguid, Ezekiel and the Leaders of Israel, 89.


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