Solomon’s Throne in Its Ancient Near Eastern Context

In: Vetus Testamentum
Raanan Eichler Department of Bible, Faculty of Jewish Studies, Bar-Ilan University Ramat Gan Israel

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The throne of Solomon, described in 1 Kgs 10:18–20 and almost identically in 2 Chr 9:17–19, is the main object relating to the visual representation of royalty in the Hebrew Bible. This paper offers a close commentary on the description and considers what type of ancient Near Eastern throne the described object exemplifies, concluding that Solomon’s throne is a “biblicized” variant of the Canaanite-Phoenician sphinx throne.

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