Faiths from the Archipelago

Action on the Environment and Climate Change

In: Worldviews: Global Religions, Culture, and Ecology
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  • 1 Faculty of Biology Universitas Nasional, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • 2 Faculty of Biology Universitas Nasional, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • 3 Driyarkara School of Philosophy, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • 4 Working Group on Ecology for the Indonesian Christian Church (GKI), West Java, Indonesia
  • 5 National Alumni Association of Kesatuan Mahasiswa Hindu Dharma Indonesia (KMHDI), Indonesia

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This paper explores the responses of faith-based movements in Indonesia to globalized environmental issues, including climate change. As a plural nation with six official religions, the leaders of the major recognized religions in Indonesia (i.e., Islam, Protestant and Roman Catholic Christianity, Hinduism, Buddhism and Confusianism) all offered statements in 2007 at COP 13, the international forum in response to the environmental challange and climate change in Bali. Each called for religious adherents to act in order to contribute to halting the problem of climate change. Faith is seen to be a key factor in motivating people to change their behavior towards the environment. The slogan, “Think globally, act locally,” is at the heart of this commitment, in hopes that environmental challenges including climate change, become a common issue among all the religions in Indonesia, and so that Indonesian responses may be collaborative and cooperative. This paper will document and analyze the development of such faith-based action with respect to environmental challenges in Indonesia, in light of global conditions.

  • 6

    Pew Research Centre. (2011). Table: Muslim Population by Country. Retrieved from:

  • 7

    See, for example: Gade, Anna. (2012). Tradition and Sentiment in Indonesian Environmental Islam. Worldviews 16(2012), 263–285.

  • 8

    See: Mangunjaya, F.M. (2011). Developing Ennvironmental Awareness and Conservation Through Islamic Teaching. Journal of Islamic Studies 22(1), 36–49.

  • 12

    Ahmad, H. (2011). Green Guide for Hajj. Global One London.

  • 16

    Penerbit Erlangga, Jakarta. (2011). Himpunan Fatwa MUI sejak 1975. Pedoman dan Prosedur Penetapan Fatwa. Majelis Ulama Indonesia: Halaman, 3.

  • 21

    Hisashi, Y. (2013). Promoting Ecological Justice: Asian Churches’ Response. Retrieved from:

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