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References

1 Sources: Legislation is available in the Official Journal (OJ), and all reference to legislation, except when otherwise noted, is to the weekly issues of 1994 and 1995 of the OJ and their addenda (Add.). The OJ also publishes the decisions of the Constitutional Council. Court decisions are available in several journals, but the main reference is to a private collection known as Ijtihadat Hatem, which is the most up-to-date with two volumes (211 and 212) dated 1994, and one volume (213) dated 1995. The journal of the Bar, al-'Adl, also publishes court decisions. Only one volume has appeared by the time this chapter was completed, in June 1995, and is used here both for articles and law reports. The most comprehensive law reports, al-Nashra al-Qada'iyya, are published by the Ministry of Justice, and have been catching up with war interruptions. Only one volume for 1994 was available at the time of writing. Abbreviations OJ for Official Journal, Add. for Addendum, Hatem for Ijtihadat Hatem.

20J 7, 16 February 1995, decision of 11 February 1995, 145�6. 30J 9, 2 March 1995, 183-85, at 184. The decision is translated in full in Part IV, past, pp. 555 et seq. '�OJ 44, 3 November 1994, 1177.

5Arts. 3, 4, 19, Law No. 389, OJ Add. to 3, 19 January 1995, 1-3. bal-`Adl, 28-1, 1994: 5-8. 7Law No. 337 of 8 June 1994, OJ 32, 11 August 1994, 873-80. 80J Add. to 25, 23 June 1994, report dated 18 May 1994, 1-69. 9Report at 7-8.

'"Report at 11. "Decree 4631 of 10 January 1994, OJ 2, 13 January 1994, 38-9. l2Decree 6263 of 18 January 1995, OJ 3, 19 January 1995, 54-5. �3Law No. 50 of 23 May 1991, OJ Special Add. 21, 23 May 1991, 3-5.

14HMem 211: 579-80, at 579. "Hatem 211: 578-79. '6Hatem 213: 706-9, also mentioned infra. 17Hatem213: 661-65.

18Hatem 212: 647-48. l9Hatem 213: 674. 2° Hatem 213: 675-76. 21Art. 247 as modified of the Property Code 3339. 22Hatem 213: 678-86, at 680-81. 23At 685. 2iHatem 211: 544-55.

"Law No. 380 of 4 November 1994, OJ Add. to 45, 10 November 1994, 3. 26 Hatem 211: 542-48, at 547. 27 Hatem 211: 551-53. zBHatem 212: 609-12.

29 Hatem 212: 631-37, quote at 636. 3oHatem 213: 706-9. 31 hates 213: 709-12, at 711.

32 Hatem 211: 534-37. 33Hatem 211: 538-42, at 542. 34a1_Nashra al-Qada'iyya, 1994:1, 45-8. 3sAt 46. 36 Art. 5, last para. of Law No. 50/1991. 3�Hatem 211: 564-65.

38 Hatem 211: 559-63. 39Hatem 213: 701-2. 4° Hatem 213: 693-97. 41 Hatem 213: 698-701, at 700. 42Hatem 211: 573-77.

43OJ 21, 26 May 1994, 601-6.

44OJ 3, 20 January 1994, 48-9. 'sLaw No. 324 of 24 March 1995, OJ 15, 14 April 1994, 449-55.

'6Law No. 374 of 24 August 1994, Art. 1.5 mod., OJ Add. to 41, 31 October 1994, 1-5. 47OJ 1, 6 January 1994, 1-5. 480J 31, 4 August 1994, 847-52. '9Art. 5 bis, Law No. 27 of 1980, adjusted by Art. 1 of the new Law to a minimum of 500 million Lebanese pounds for the assets of the company benefiting from the law. IOArt. 24, in addition to Decree-law 45 of 24 June 1983. 51law 117/91. starts. 9 and 24, Law and Decree 5451 passim. "Law No. 434, OJ 21, 25 May 1995, 492-94.

s°Hatem 211: 581-84. ssDecree 4908 of 23 March 1994, OJ 13, 31 March 1994, 367.

"Decision published in Lebanese and Arabic dailies on June 25. 57 Art. 3.2, Law of General Amnesty of 28 March 1991, reproduced in OJ 35, 27 August 1991. S8Hatem212: 622-24.

"Public Order, nazam `amm, al-Nasbra al-Qada'iyya, 1994:1, 43-5, at 44. 6oLaw No. 302 of 21 March 1994, OJ 12, 24 March 1994, 337. "1G. Rabbah, "al-ta'hil al-ijtima`i fil-sujun al-lubnaniyya-social redress in Lebanese prisons", al-`Adl, 28-1, 1994: 79-91, at 79.

szTreaty of Brotherhood signed in Damascus on 22 May 1991, OJ 22, 30 May 1991, 283-85. 63�. � 7, Special Agreement on Higher Education and Scientific Research of 4 May 1994, OJ Add. to 3, 19 January 1995, 33-4. 6"Cultural Agreement signed in Damascus on 19 September 1994, OJ 21, 25 May 1995, 481-83. 65protocol of Economic and Social Cooperation, Health Protocol, Protocol on the Movement of Persons and Goods, and Protocol on Agricultural Cooperation. 660J 10, 10 March 1994, 281-89. protocol on Economic Cooperation, Art. 2b, at 282. �Art. 2z, at 282. 69Hatem212: 600-4.

70 Hatem 212: 617-18, at 619-21. 'lal-Nasbra al-Qada'iyya, 1994:1, 45-8, at 47. '2At 47. 73Fax to author dated 6 July 1995 from Dr F. Rustico, First Secretary of the Italian Embassy, who further explained on the telephone that the efforts of the Italian government to help clean up the waste back in 1988 amounted to some ten million United States dollars. '4Decree 6332 of 2 February 1995, OJ 6, 9 February 1995, 121.

'SSee Arts. 4.5, 7, 10.4, in the Arabic text of the Convention, OJ Add. to 45, 10 November 1994,3-38. 760J Add. to 32, Laws 359 and 360 of 1 August 1994, 29-45 and 45-62. "See supra under Constitutional Law. 78 Law No. 353 of 28 July 1994, OJ Add. 2 to 30, 28 July 1994, 1. 7'Law No. 382, OJ Add. to 45, 10 November 1994, 4-11.

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