The system of checks and balances, adopted by the Jordanian Constitution is highly
weakened by the High Tribunal’s interpretation of Article 33 (addressing international
relations) in Decision number 1/1962; especially regarding foreign debt agreements,
where such agreements, entered into by the Executive Power, are, almost always,
excluded from the approval of the National Assembly.
Unfortunately, the 2011 Constitutional Reform missed a golden opportunity to
amend this Article; therefore, the alternative would be for the Constitutional Court,
the successor of the High Tribunal, to present a different approach, especially since
the authorities supporting the Tribunal’s decision can be revised to present a different
interpretation that allows a better check over foreign debt, which has been rising
recently to alarming levels.
The best candidate to initiate this change is the National Assembly, especially the
Chamber of Deputies, either by submitting a request to the Court to this effect, or by
carrying a legislative reform amending the Public Debt Management Law from the one
side and, from the other side, drafting a law for the check over the Executive Power’s role
in conducting external agreements in general, and foreign debt agreements, in particular;
a law that balances the relations between the two Powers, regarding their financial
functions, and enhances the democratization of the Jordanian System.