Human Rights in Türkiye: Freedom of Expression and the Right to Liberty and Security in 2021/2022

In: Yearbook of Islamic and Middle Eastern Law Online
Laura Kabis-Kechrid PhD Student, School of Politics and International Relations, Queen Mary University of London London UK

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Türkiye’s human rights situation continues to deteriorate, especially since the failed coup attempt in 2016. Many of the provisions introduced under the state of emergency remain in force and anti-terrorism laws as well as provisions regarding national security have been used to curtail fundamental rights and freedoms. In 2021, violations of the freedom of expression and the rights to liberty and security ranked first and second respectively in the ECtHR decisions against Türkiye. In the same year, Türkiye ranked first in amounting to the highest number of cases filed against a country with the ECtHR. Türkiye’s new “Disinformation Law” (Law No. 7418) has raised further concerns regarding freedom of expression in the country. This survey seeks to illustrate some of the most important developments regarding human rights in Türkiye in 2021 and 2022, particularly focusing on freedom of expression and the right to liberty and security (arbitrary detentions).

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