From ‘Geopolitics of Being’ towards Inter-being: Envisioning the ‘In/visibles’ in the Globalization of Higher Education

In: Youth and Globalization

Amid growing debates about globalization of higher education (HE), an analysis of the onto-epistemic grammar underlying the articulation of this global phenomenon remains absent. This essay posits that our understanding of the nature of globalization of HE cannot be separated from questions of a) emotions, b) temporality, and c) ontology. Drawing on the extant literature on globalization of HE to date and personal experiences, it demonstrates the efficacy of these above three concepts, and argues that our understanding of globalization of HE insidiously perpetuates a geopolitics of being, and constrains us from knowing/embodying inter-being. It suggests pursuing inter-being as alternatives to fixed notions of human progress and coloniality of knowledge embedded in the prevailing onto-epistemic grammar. By refusing to tame uncertainty or provide ‘probable outcomes’, this essay intends to provoke and imagine alternative ways of knowing/being.

  • Adams V. , Murphy M. and Clarke A.E. (2009). Anticipation: Technoscience, life, affect, temporality. Subjectivity 28 (1), pp. 246-265.

  • Ahmed S. (2004). The Cultural Politics of Emotion. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

  • Alexander J. (2005). Pedagogies of Crossing: Meditations on Feminism, Sexual politics, Memory, and the Sacred. Durham: Duke University Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Alhadeff-Jones M. (2017). Time and the Rhythms of Emancipatory Education: Rethinking the temporal complexity of self and society. London: Routledge.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Aman R. (2017). Colonial differences in intercultural education: On interculturality in the Andes and decolonization of intercultural dialogue . Comparative Education Review 61 (S1), pp. S103-S120.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Anderson B. (2014). Encountering Affect: Capacities, Apparatuses, Conditions. Burlington, VT: Ashgate.

  • Andreotti V. , Mika C. , Ahenakew C. , and Hireme H. (2017). Indigenous knowledge systems and anticipation. In: Poli R. , ed., Handbook of Anticipation, Basel, Switzerland: Springer Nature, pp. 1-14.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Andreotti V. (2016). Re-imagining education as an un-coercive re-arrangement of desires. Other Education: The Journal of Educational Alternatives 5 (1), pp. 0-9.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Andreotti V. , Stein S. , Sutherland A. , Pashby K. , Susa R. , and Amsler S. (2018). Mobilising different conversations about global justice in education: toward alternative futures in uncertain times. Policy & Practice: A Development Education Review 26, pp. 9-41.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Appadurai A. (1996). Modernity at Large: Cultural Dimensions of Globalization. Twin Cities: University of Minnesota Press.

  • Baldwin A. (2012). Whiteness and futurity: Toward a research agenda. Progress in Human Geography 36 (2), pp. 172-187.

  • Bishop R. (1998). Freeing ourselves from neo-colonial domination in research: A Maori approach to creating knowledge. International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education 11 (2), pp. 199-219.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Brøgger K. (2016). The rule of mimetic desire in higher education: governing through naming, shaming and faming. British Journal of Sociology in Education 37 (1), pp. 72-91.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Brown P. , Lauder H. , and Ashton D. (2011). The Global Auction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

  • Cajete G. (1994). Look to the Mountain: An Ecology of Indigenous Education. Durango: Kivaki Press.

  • Caluya G. , Probyn E. , and Vyes S. (2011). ‘Affective eduscapes’: the case of Indian students within Australian international HE. Cambridge Journal of Education 41 (1), pp. 85-99.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Cantwell B. and Kauppinen I. , eds. (2014). Academic Capitalism in the Age of Globalization. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Chou C.P. (2014). The ssci Syndrome in Higher Education: A Local or Global Phenomenon. Rotterdam: Sense Publishers.

  • Elegbe O. , and Salako A.O. (2014). Nollywood films and students’ behavior in college of education, Oyo. ksu Journal of Mass Communication 3, pp. 195-213.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Erkkilä T. (2014). Global university rankings, transnational policy discourse and higher education in Europe. European Journal of Education 49 (1), pp. 91-101.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Espeland W.N. and Sauder M. (2016). Engines of Anxiety: Academic rankings, Reputation, and Accountability. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Estera A. & Shahjahan R.A. (2018). Globalizing Whiteness? Re/presenting students in Global University Rankings (GURs) Websites. Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education. https://doi.org/10.1080/01596306.2018.1453781.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Fendler L. (2017). Regarding intersectionality, nonrepresentation, and radical equality. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Comparative and International Education Society. Atlanta, Georgia.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hampton E. (1995). Towards a redefinition of Indian education. In: Battiste M. and Barman J. , eds., First Nations Education in Canada: The Circle Unfolds. Vancouver: UBC Press, pp. 5-46.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hanh T.N. (1992). Peace is Every Step: The Path of Mindfulness in Everyday Life. New York: Bantam Books.

  • Hazelkorn E. (2016). Global rankings and the geopolitics of higher education: Understanding the influence and impact of rankings on HE, policy and society. Florence: Routledge.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Hazelkorn E. (2018). Reshaping the world order of higher education: the role and impact of rankings on national and global systems. Policy Reviews in HE 2 (1), pp. 4-31.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Izutsu T. (2008). The Structure of Oriental Philosophy: Collected Papers of the Eranos Conference. Keio: Keio University Press.

  • Kenway J. , and Fahey J. (2011). Getting emotional about ‘brain mobility.’ Emotion, Space and Society 4 (3), pp. 187-194.

  • King R. (2009). Governing universities globally: Organizations, regulation and rankings. Cheltenham: Elgar.

  • King R. , Marginson S. , and Naidoo R. , eds. (2011). Handbook on Globalization and Higher Education. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Lim M. A. (2017). The building of weak expertise: the work of global university rankers. Higher Education 75 (3), pp. 415-430.

  • Lo W.Y.W. (2014). The ranking phenomenon and the experience of academics in Taiwan. Higher Education Policy 27, pp. 250-277.

  • Luke C. (2001). Globalization and women in academia: North/west-south/east . London: Routledge.

    • Export Citation
  • Macfarlane B. (2015). Student performativity in HE: converting learning as a private space into a public performance. Higher Education Research & Development 34 (2), pp. 338-350.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Marginson S. (2008). Global field and global imagining: Bourdieu and worldwide higher education. British Journal of Sociology of Education 29 (3), pp. 303-315.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Marginson S. (2011). Imagining the global. In: King R. , Marginson S. , and Naidoo R. , eds., Handbook on Globalization and Higher Education, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 10-39.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • McKenzie M. (2017). Affect theory and policy mobility: challenges and possibilities for critical policy research. Critical Studies in Education 58 (2), pp. 187-204.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Mok K.H. , and Welch A. (2003). Globalization and Educational Restructuring in the Asia Pacific Region. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Morley L. , Alexiadou N. , Garaz S. , González-Monteagudo J. , and Taba M. (2018). Internationalisation and migrant academics: the hidden narratives of mobility. Higher Education 76 (3), pp. 537-554.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Morley L. , Leyton D. , and Hada Y. (2019). The affective economy of internationalization: migrant academics in and out of Japanese higher education. Policy Reviews in Higher Education 3 (1), pp. 51-74.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Müller R. (2014). Racing for what? Anticipation and acceleration in the work and career practices of academic life science postdocs. Forum: Qualitative Social Research 15 (3), pp. 10-21.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Nakagawa Y. (2000). Education for Awakening: An Eastern Approach to Holistic Education. Brandon: Education Renewal.

  • Naidoo R. (2018). The competition fetish in HE: Shamans, mind snares and consequences. European Educational Research Journal 17 (5), pp. 605-620.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Peters M. (2015). The university in the epoch of digital reason: Fast knowledge in the circuits of cybernetic capitalism. In: Gibbs P. , Ylijoki O. , Guzmán-Valenzuela C. and Barnett R. , eds., Universities in the Flux of Time: An Exploration of Time and Temporality in University Life. London: Routledge, pp. 9-31.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Raghavendra M.K. (2010). India, higher education, and Bollywood. Economic and Political Weekly 45 (10), pp. 30-32.

  • Rappleye J. (2012). Educational policy transfer in an era of globalization: Theory – history – comparison. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Rappleye J. , & Komatsu H. (2016). Living on borrowed time: Rethinking temporality, self, nihilism, and schooling. Comparative education, 52(2), 177–201.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Reynolds P.J. (2014). Representing “U”: Popular Culture, Media, and HE: Representing “U.” ashe Higher Education Report 40 (4), pp. 1-145.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Robertson S. L. (2017). Colonising the future: Mega-trade deals, education services and global HE markets. Futures 94, pp. 24-33.

  • Robertson S.L. and Komljenovic J. (2016). Non-state actors, and the advance of frontier HE markets in the global south. Oxford Review of Education 42 (5), pp. 594-611.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Sellar S. and Zipin L. (2018). Conjuring optimism in dark times: Education, affect and human capital. Educational Philosophy and Theory , 51: (6), pp. 572–586. doi 10.1080/00131857.2018.1485566.

    • Export Citation
  • Shahjahan R.A (2005). Spirituality in the academy: Reclaiming from the margins and evoking a transformative way of knowing the world. International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education (QSE), 18(6), 685–711.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Shahjahan R.A. (2012). The roles of international organizations (IOs) in globalizing higher education policy. In J. Smart & Paulsen, M. (eds.) Higher Education: Handbook of Theory and Research, 27, pp. 369–407. Dordrecht: Springer.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Shahjahan R.A. (2016). International Organizations (IOs), epistemic tools of influence, and the colonial geopolitics of higher education policy. Journal of Education Policy, 31(6), 694–710.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Shahjahan R.A. (2018). Re/conceptualizing time in higher education. Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education. DOI 10.1080/01596306.2018.1550041.

  • Shahjahan R.A. (2019) On ‘Being for others’: Time and shame in the neoliberal academy. Journal of Education Policy https://doi.org/10.1080/02680939.2019.1629027.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Shahjahan R.A. & Kezar A. (2013). Beyond the “national container”: Addressing methodological nationalism in higher education research. Educational Researcher, 42(1), 20–29.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Shahjahan R.A. & Morgan C. (2016). Global competition, coloniality, and the geopolitics of knowledge in higher education. British Journal of Sociology of Education, 37(1), 92–109.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Shahjahan R.A. , Blanco-Ramirez G , & Andreotti V. (2017). Attempting to imagine the unimaginable: A decolonial reading of global university rankings (GURs). Comparative Education Review 61(S1), S51–S73.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Sidhu R.K. (2006). Universities and Globalization: To Market, to Market. Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

  • Simpson L. (2014). Land as pedagogy: Nishnaabeg intelligence and rebellious transformation. Decolonization: Indigeneity, Education & Society 3 (3), pp. 1-25.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Smith L.T. (2001). Decolonizing Methodologies: Research and Indigenous Peoples. London: Zed Books Limited.

  • Stack M. (2016). Global university rankings and the mediatization of higher education. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

  • Stein S. (2018). Beyond higher education as we know it: Gesturing towards decolonial horizons of possibility. Studies in Philosophy and Education , 32 (2), pp. 1-19. doi 10.1007/s11217-018-9622-7.

    • Export Citation
  • Stewart-Harawira M. (2005). The New Imperial Order: Indigenous Responses to Globalization. Wellington: Huia Publishers.

  • Szadkowski K. (2018). The common in higher education: A conceptual approach. Higher Education , pp. 1-15. doi 10.1007/s10734-018-0340-4.

    • Export Citation
  • Unterhalter E. , and Carpentier V. , eds. (2010). Global Inequalities and Higher Education: Whose interests are we serving? Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Vostal F. (2016). Accelerating Academia: The Changing Structure of Academic Time. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

  • Walker J. (2009). Time as the fourth dimension in the globalization of higher education. The Journal of Higher Education 80 (5), pp. 483-509.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Williamson B. (2018). The hidden architecture of higher education: building a big data infrastructure for the ‘smarter university’. International Journal of Educational Technology in Higher Education, 15(1), pp. 12.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Ylijoki O. (2010). Future orientations in episodic labour: Short-term academics as a case in point. Time & Society 19 (3), pp. 365-386.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Young I. M. (1990). Justice and the Politics of Difference. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 43 43 13
Full Text Views 4 4 3
PDF Downloads 3 3 2