Accountability of Peace Support Operations


Quis custodiet ipsos custodies? In other words, who guards the guardians? At a time when the mandate of many peace support operations includes halting violations of international humanitarian law by third parties, there is still a lack of clarity concerning accountability of peace support operations themselves. This book addresses that accountability, focusing on peace support operations under the command and control of the United Nations and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. It is concerned with the accountability of international organizations as well as troops contributing and member states, but not of individuals.
Drawing on existing and emerging doctrines of international law, including the law of state responsibility, the law of responsibility of international organizations, international institutional law and international humanitarian law, and on the basis of state practice, this book makes a strong plea for improving mechanisms to implement the accountability of peace support operations under international humanitarian law.
The Paul Reuter Prize 2006 was awarded to Marten Zwanenburg for this book.

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Marten Zwanenburg is Legal Counsel at the Ministry of Defense of the Netherlands. He holds a Ph.D. in International Law from Leiden University.
Winner of the 2006 ICRC Paul Reuter Prize for outstanding work in the field of international humanitarian law. "The jury selected the study because of the wealth of legal material considered by the author, including State and organizational practice, which makes it an especially valuable contribution to the field. The topic is timely and of particular importance for the future development of international humanitarian law, as the number of peace support operations is likely to increase in coming years." "Marten Zwanenburg's Accountability of Peace Support Operations makes a most welcome contribution to the literature on the subject. Above all, the book's merit lies in clarifying the legal framework governing the international responsibility of the UN and NATO for violations of humanitarian law in a highly accessible manner. Zwanenburg specifically addresses the concurrent responsibility of troop contributing states, a matter not widely discussed by other commentaters" Aurel Sari in European Journal of International Law, Volume 17 (2006)
Table of Abbreviations;
Definition and Characteristics of Peace Support Operations;
Attribution of Conduct of Peace Support Operations;
Scope of Application of International Humanitarian Law to Peace Support Operations;
Legal Consequences of Accountability for Breaches of International Humanitarian Law by Peace Support Operations;
Existing Mechanisms for Invoking Accountability for Violations of International Humanitarian Law by Peace Support Operations;
Proposals for New Mechanisms for Invoking Accountability;
Findings and Conclusions;
Table of Cases;
This book will be of interest to academics as well as to practicing lawyers involved in peace support operations.
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