This volume constitutes a commentary on Article 17 of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. It is part of the series, A Commentary on the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, which provides an article by article analysis of all substantive, organizational and procedural provisions of the CRC and its two Optional Protocols. For every article, a comparison with related human rights provisions is made, followed by an in-depth exploration of the nature and scope of State obligations deriving from that article. The series constitutes an essential tool for actors in the field of children’s rights, including academics, students, judges, grassroots workers, governmental, non- governmental and international officers. The series is sponsored by the Belgian Federal Science Policy Office.
Sherry Sacino is a lifelong journalist and entrepreneur having founded and operated two news services: Athletes News Service and Youth OUTLOUD! for more than 20 years. She is currently the President of the Youth Empowerment Alliance, Inc. and Editor-in-Chief of Youth OUTLOUD! a worldwide distribution network of youth-created media. She holds a Master of Advanced Studies in Children’s Rights from the Law Faculty of University of Fribourg/Institut Universitaire Kurt Bösch (IUKB) in Switzerland and a Bachelor of Arts degree in Journalism from Arizona State University. She lives in Florida, New York and Italy.
List of Abbreviations; Author’s Biography and Acknowledgements; Text of Article 17;
Chapter One - Introduction;
Chapter Two - Comparison with Related Human Rights Provisions;
1. Freedom of expression is made up of two different rights; 2. The duty to ensure a diversity in mass media sources;
Chapter Three - Scope of Article 17;
1. The rules of interpretation; 2. The first sentence of Article 17; 2.1 Clause-by-clause analysis; 2.2 The implied ‘reasonableness’ element pertaining to the standard of the duty; 3. The second sentence of Article 17; 3.1 ‘States Parties shall encourage …’ ; 3.2 The six ‘shall encourage …’ paragraphs; 3.3 ‘To this end, States Parties shall …’; 3.4 Implied duties; 3.5 Is Article 17 an individually held right or a ‘group right’?; 3.6 Summary of the legal interpretation; 3.7 Legislative history;
Chapter Four - Implementation of Article 17 as seen through the perspectives of the Committee;
1. Implementation as seen through the Days of Discussion; 2. Implementation as seen through the State Reports; 3. Implementation as seen through the Concluding Observations;
Chapter Five - Challenges;
1. Dangers to children; 2. Media literacy; 3. Private Sector Guidelines; 4. The role of libraries in society; 5. The participation of children; 6. The Internet’s Influence on the Future; 7. Revising the Reporting Guidelines;
Chapter Six - Conclusion;
Bibliography; Appendix A – Concepts and Definitions; Appendix B – Society of Professional Journalists’ Code of Ethics; Appendix C – The Oslo Challenge.