The articles discuss various aspects of Jewish identity in the Greco-Roman period. Was there a common ‘Jewish’ identity, and how could it be defined? How could different groups develop and maintain their identity within the challenge of Hellenistic and early Roman culture? What about the images of ‘others’? How could some of those ‘others’ adopt a Jewish lifestyle or identity, whereas others, abandoned their inherited identity? Among the questions discussed are the translation of Ioudaios, Jewish and universal identity in Philo, the status of women and their conversion to Judaism, the participation of non-Jews in the temple cult, the practice of Emperor worship in Judaea, and the image of Egypt and the Nile as ‘others’ in Philo. Two articles enter the debate whether Jewish identity had an ongoing influence within early Christianity, in Paul and in the rules known as the Apostolic Decree.
Jörg Frey, Dr. theol. habil., is Professor of New Testament interpretation at the University of Munich (Germany). He has published extensively on Qumran, Apocalypticism, Paul and, especially, the Johannine literature, including Die johanneische Eschatologie (3 volumes, 1997-2000). Daniel R. Schwartz, Ph.D., is Professor of Jewish History at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem (Israel). He has published extensively on Josephus and the History of the Second Temple period, including a commentary on 2 Maccabees (in Hebrew, 2004). Stephanie Gripentrog, M.A., is lecturer at the chair of Religious Studies at the Theological Faculty of the University of Basel (Switzerland)
"The essays of this volume are of high quality and provide fresh perspectives...Th e methodology which the authors of these twelve essays use and the questions which they raise also apply to other quests for, and studies of, identity. Th ese essays will provide insights on a number of religious (and other!) issues currently discussed in Southern African churches and communities." – Christoph Stenschke, in: Religion and Theology 16 (2009)
PART ONE. Jewish Identity and Jewish Universalism
1/ Daniel R. Schwartz — “Judaean” or “Jew”? How should we translate ioudaios in Josephus?
2/ Jutta Leonhardt Balzer — Jewish Worship and Universal Identity in Philo of Alexandria
3/ Stefan Krauter — Die Beteiligung von Nichtjuden am Jerusalemer Tempelkult
PART TWO. On Being In, Getting In and Getting Out
4/ Tal Ilan — The Woman als “Other” in Rabbinic Literature
5/ Daniel R. Schwartz — Doing Like Jews or Becoming a Jew? Josephus on Women Converts to Judaism
6/ Gottfried Schimanowski — Die jüdische Integration in die Oberschicht Alexandriens und die angebliche Apostasie des Tiberius Julius Alexander
7/ Sarah K. Pearce — Philo on the Nile
PART THREE. Greco-Roman Influence
8/ Randolf Herrmann — Die Gemeinderegel von Qumran und das hellenistische Vereinswesen
9/ Monika Bernett — Der Kaiserkult in Judäa unter herodischer und römischer Herrschaft:
Zu Herausbildung und Herausforderung neuer Konzepte jüdischer Herrschaftslegitimation
10/ Walter Ameling — Die jüdischen Gemeinden Kleinasiens und der “epigraphic habit”
PART FOUR. Jewish Identity in Early Christianity
11/ Jörg Frey — Paul’s Jewish Identity
12/ Roland Deines — Das Aposteldekret – Halacha für Heidenchristen oder christliche Rücksichtnahme auf jüdische Tabus?
Students and Scholars in Early Judaism and Early Christianity, Classical Philology and Ancient History, Biblical Scholars and Theologians