The Variety of Local Religious Life in the Near East

In the Hellenistic and Roman Periods


A ‘Near Eastern religion’, along the lines of ‘Greek religion’ or ‘Roman religion’, is hard to distinguish for the Classical period, since the religious cultures of the many cities, villages and regions that constituted the Near East in the Hellenistic and Roman periods were, despite some obvious similarities, above all very different from each other. This collection of articles by scholars from different disciplines (Ancient History, Archaeology, Art-History, Epigraphy, Numismatics, Oriental Studies, Theology) contributes to our quest for understanding the polytheistic cults of the Near East as a whole by bringing out the variety between the different local and regional forms of worship in this part of the world.

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Ted Kaizer, MA (Leiden, 1995), DPhil (Oxford, 2000), is Lecturer in Roman Culture and History at the University of Durham. He is the author of The Religious Life of Palmyra (Franz Steiner Verlag, 2002).
Contributors include: Julien Aliquot, Lucinda Dirven, Milette Gaifman, Peter Haider, Ted Kaizer, Jonathan Kirkpatrick, Achim Lichtenberger, Arthur Segal, and Jürgen Tubach

List of contributors
List of plates

Ted Kaizer

Milette Gaifman
The aniconic image of the Roman Near East

Julien Aliquot
Sanctuaries and villages on Mt Hermon during the Roman period

Arthur Segal
Religious architecture in the Roman Near East:
temples of the basalt lands (Trachon and Hauran)

Achim Lichtenberger
Artemis and Zeus Olympios in Roman Gerasa and Seleucid religious policy

Jonathan Kirkpatrick
How to be a bad Samaritan: the local cult of Mt Gerizim

Ted Kaizer
Man and god at Palmyra: sacrifice, lectisternia and banquets

Peter Haider
Tradition and change in the beliefs at Assur, Nineveh and Nisibis
between 300 BC and AD 300

Lucinda Dirven
Aspects of Hatrene religion:
a note on the statues of kings and nobles from Hatra

Jürgen Tubach
Ephraem Syrus and the solar cult

- index locorum
- general index
Plate section

All those interested in the Hellenistic and Roman Near East, including archaeologists, art-historians, epigraphers, historians, numismatists, Semitists, and theologians.
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