This volume contains the papers presented to the second meeting of the International Organization for Qumran Studies, held in Cambridge (UK) in 1995. The papers, all dealing with the theme of the meeting,
Legal Texts and Legal Issues, are arranged into five sections. The first section, 'New Texts', contains publications of legal texts, including a copy of the Temple Scroll from Cave 4. Section two presents studies on different aspects of 4QMMT, from its use of Scripture to its concept of Holiness and its relevance for understanding the history of Qumran. The following two sections contain studies on legal texts and legal issues, such as purity, divorce, and sabbath legislation. The final section, 'Qumran and the New Testament', focuses on the importance of the Qumran texts for the study of the New Testament.
The volume is published in honour of Joseph M. Baumgarten, and it contains an appreciation of Baumgarten's work, as well as his bibliography.
Moshe J. Bernstein, Ph.D. (1978), Fordham, is Associate Professor of Bible, Yeshiva University, New York. He is a member of the International Team of Editors of the Dead Sea Scrolls; he has recently completed a six year term as a chair of the Aramaic Studies Section, Society of Biblical Literature. He has published extensively on biblical interpretation in the DSS and has co-edited (with John Kampen)
Reading 4QMMT: New Perspectives on Qumran Law and History (
Symposium 2; Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1996).
Florentino García Martínez is Professor by special appointment at the Theological Faculty of the University of Groningen, The Netherlands, where he heads the Qumran Institute. He is a member of the international team of editors working on the Dead Sea Scrolls and Executive Secretary of the IOQS. His publications include
Qumran and Apocalyptic (Brill, 1992) and
The Dead Sea Scrolls Translated: The Qumran Texts in English (Brill, 1994).
John Kampen, Ph.D. (1985), Hebrew Union College, is Professor of New Testament and Academic Dean at Payne Theological Seminary in Wilberforce, Ohio, and has recently completed a six year term as co-chair of the Qumran section of the SBL. His publications include
The Hasideans and the Origin of the Phariseism, and has co-edited
Pursuing the Text (with J. Reeves) and
Reading 4QMMT: New Perspectives on Qumran Law and History (with M. Bernstein).
They have presented one of the best collections of Qumran papers of recent years.'
Philip R. Davies,
Dead Sea Discoveries, 1999.
Scholars, informed students, and educated laymen of the Dead Sea Scrolls - Hebrew language and literature, Second Temple Judaism, history, and textual criticism.