Christian Doctrines in Islamic Theology


Author: David Thomas
By the tenth century Islamic theology had become an integrated system by which theologians constructed sophisticated accounts of the nature of the world and God's relationship with it. They also used it to establish proofs that Islam was the only rationally tenable form of belief, building these in part on proofs of the illogicalities in other faiths, including Christianity. Through excerpts from key works of the theologians al-Nashi' al-Akbar, al-Maturidi, al-Baqillani and ʿAbd al-Jabbar, this book shows how Muslim theologians in this period made use of Christian doctrines as examples of misguided thinking to help confirm the correctness of their own theology, and how among Muslim theologians Christianity had ceased to attract serious attention as a rival to Islam.

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David Thomas, Ph.D. (1983) in Islamic Studies, University of Lancaster, is Professor of Christianity and Islam at the University of Birmingham. He has published widely on Christian-Muslim relations including Christian-Muslim Polemic during the Crusades (Brill, 2005).
Muslim Theologians and Christian Doctrines
Al-Nāshiʾ al-Akbar
The refutation Christianity from al-Nāshiʾ’s Fī al-Maqālāt
Abū Manṣūr al-Māturīdī
The refutation of Christianity from al-Māturīdī’s Kitāb al-tawḥīd
Abū Bakr al-Bāqillānī
The refutation of Christianity from al-Bāqillānī’s Kitāb al-tamhīd
ʿAbd al-Jabbār ibn Aḥmad al-Hamadhāni
The refutation of Christianity from ʿAbd al-Jabbār’s Al-mughnī fī abwāb al-tawḥīd wa-al ʿadl
Those interested in Christian-Muslim relations, Muslim theology, the history of Islam, and the history of Christianity, as well as Arabists, theologians and cultural historians.