The present work proposes a novel analysis of Complement Clauses in Earlier Egyptian language. Contrary to previous assumptions, the grammatical organisation of these constructions is shown to be based on differentiation between Realis and Irrealis modality.
The different types of complement clauses attested in Earlier Egyptian are surveyed utilising recent linguistic research on modality and pragmatics. The discussion is based on numerous examples from the ancient texts and on comparisons with many other languages. Emerging from this investigation is a coherent and principled system for expressing Realis and Irrealis meaning in this most ancient of written languages.
This book is of notable value to Egyptologists working with texts and to all those interested in modality, grammar, and cognition.
Sami Uljas, Ph.D. (2005) is a Research fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge University. He is author of many articles on Ancient Egyptian, including Cairo Bowl lines 7-8 (GM 201/2004) and hpr.n and the genesis of auxiliaries (in press).
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Structure of the Present Work
PART ONE MODALITY IN AFFIRMATIVE COMPLEMENT CLAUSES AFTER GOVERNING VERBS
1. Introduction to Part One
2. Affirmative Object Complementation after Notionally Assertive Verbs
3. Affirmative Object Complementation after Notionally Non-assertive Verbs
PART TWO MODALITY IN OTHER TYPES OF EARLIER EGYPTIAN COMPLEMENT CLAUSES
4. Modality in Affirmative Subject Complement Clauses
5. Modality in Negative Complement Clauses after Governing Predicates
6. Modality in Complement Clauses after Prepositions
7. Earlier Egyptian Supplementary Patterns of Complementation after Verbs and Prepositions
8. Predicate Complement Clauses
9. At the Crossroads of Tempus and Modus: the Aspectual-Modal Correspondence and the Conceptual Foundations of Irrealis Modality in Earlier Egyptian Complementation
10. Conclusion: Retrospect and Prospect
Egyptologists working with grammar and texts, researchers in linguistics and ancient languages, and all those interested in modality, pragmatics, language, and cognition.