Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is a well-established instrument of Environmental Law and policy that aims to ensure that potential adverse environmental effects of human activities are assessed before decisions on such activities are made. The instrument is increasingly being applied in respect of activities that may cause environmental effects across the borders of a state. In this book, thirteen systems of Transboundary Environmental Impact Assessment (TEIA) are assessed that exist or are in development in different parts of the world. Although TEIA is generally associated with EIA between territorial states, this book takes a broader approach and is divided into three sub-parts: Transboundary EIA between states, EIA for activities in international and shared areas, and EIA required by international financial institutions. Knowledgeable experts (scholars and practitioners) provide an overview of the history, content, and practice of the individual systems and, based on these discussions, the state of the art concerning TEIA and possible future developments are discussed.
Kees Bastmeijer is Associate Professor of Environmental Law, Tilburg University, The Netherlands.
Timo Koivurova is a research professor and director in the Northern Institute for Environmental and Minority Law (Arctic Centre/University of Lapland).
The publisher, editors and contributors have taken on an ambitious project with this volume, and have accomplished the task well.
Dr. Paul Stookes,
Journal of Environmental Law (Cambridge University Press).
'... this book is a valuable source on the legalities and implementation of TEIA.'
Richard S.J. Tol,
Review of European Community and International Environmental Law.
'... excellent [book presents] a wealth of information for lawyers and practitioners alike, a welcome contribution to the hitherto limited literature on the position of EIA in international law. The timing is excellent.'
Dr Simon Marsden,
Journal of Impact Assessment and Project Apprasial
Table of contents
Transboundary Environmental Impact Assessment: An Introduction
Kees Bastmeijer and Timo Koivurova
PART I: TRANSBOUNDARY EIA BETWEEN STATES
The Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context
Environmental Impact Assessment and the Framework Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Caspian Sea
Rie Tsutsumi & Kristy Robinson
Transboundary Environmental Impact Assessment:
The Nordic Environmental Protection Convention
Transboundary Environmental Impact Assessment in North America:
Obstacles and Opportunities
Assessment of Transboundary Environmental Impacts in Developing Countries:
The Case of Central America
PART II: EIA IN INTERNATIONAL AND SHARED AREAS
Environmental Impact Assessment in the Bay of Bengal Sub Region in South Asia
Implementing Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment in the Arctic
Environmental Impact Assessment in Antarctica
Kees Bastmeijer and Ricardo Roura
Chapter 10 Environmental Impact Assessment and the International Seabed Authority Gwénaëlle Le Gurun
Chapter 11 Environmental Impact Assessment in the Space Sector Lotta Viikari
PART III: TRANSBOUNDARY EIA AND FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS
Chapter 12 The World Bank and Environmental Impact Assessment Jean-Roger Mercier
Chapter 13 Implementing the Espoo Convention: An International Financial Institution Perspective Elizabeth Smith
Chapter 14 The Equator Principles: A Voluntary Approach by Bankers Leonie Schreve
PART IV: CONCLUSIONS
Chapter 15 Conclusions: Globalisation of Transboundary Environmental Impact Assessment Kees Bastmeijer and Timo Koivurova