Reformed Orthodoxy and Philosophy, 1625–1750

Gisbertus Voetius, Petrus van Mastricht, and Anthonius Driessen


This book examines the thinking of several Reformed theologians on theological issues that are, historically or by content, related to philosophy.
Three Dutch authors from successive generations are considered in particular: Gisbertus Voetius (1589-1676), Petrus van Mastricht (1630-1706), and Anthonius Driessen (1684-1748). A diversity of issues in Christian doctrine is discussed. These include the relationship between theology and philosophy, creation, Divine providence, the human being, and Divine and natural law.
By reconstructing the views of these three theologians, this book highlights similarities and differences within Reformed orthodoxy, both in doctrine and in relation to philosophy. The changes that thus become visible also suggest that biblical Christianity outlives the philosophical apparatus by whose assistence it is explained.
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Biographical Note

Aza Goudriaan, Ph.D. (1999) in Theology, Leiden University, is a Postdoctoral Researcher at the Faculty of Philosophy, Erasmus University Rotterdam. He has published on seventeenth-century philosophy and theology, including Jacobus Revius: A Theological Examination of Cartesian Philosophy. Early Criticisms (1647) (Brill, 2002).

Review Quotes

"[...] this book is an extremely fruitful and thought-provoking contribution to a growing field of scholarship" – Carl R Trueman, in: Church History and Religious Culture 88/3 (2008), p. 475

Table of contents



1. Holy Scripture, Human Reason, and Natural Theology
2. Creation, Mosaic Physics, Copernicanism, and Divine Accommodation
3. The Providence of God, Secondary Causality, and Related Topics
4. The Human Being: His Soul and Body, Special Status, and Conscience
5. Divine and Natural Law: Theological and Political Aspects
6. Conclusions

General Index


Those interested in historical and systematic theology, the history of ideas, and the interaction between Christianity and philosophy, especially in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.