The Demographic Challenge: A Handbook about Japan

This Handbook explores the challenges demographic change poses to today’s Japan. The first part provides the fundamental data involved, and the subsequent two parts address the social and cultural aspects of Japan’s demographic change. Parts four and five are dedicated to the political, economic and social security aspects of demographic change.
The Handbook brings together a group of international scholars of various disciplinary backgrounds to take issue with the world’s fastest demographic transition. Topics include the dynamics of gender roles, images of age, policy formation, labour market structures, pension system, living arrangements, ethical values, and many more. Against the background of Japan’s demographic change, the latest developments in these fields are being introduced, and whenever appropriate set into a context of historical and/or international comparison. This Handbook is the first comprehensive publication in English on Japan’s demographic change.

Contributors include: Makoto Atoh, Hans Dieter Ölschleger, Ryuichi Kaneko, Ralph Lützeler, Shigemi Kono, Matthias Koch, Sepp Linhart, Takeo Ogawa, Chikako Usui, Leng Leng Thang, Susan (Orpett) Long, Sawako Shirahase, Toshiko Himeoka, James Raymo, Miho Iwasawa, Akiko S Oishi, Stephen Murphy-Shigematsu, David Blake Willis, Susanne Formanek, Mayumi Sekizawa, Christopher S Thompson, John W Traphagan, Kenji Ishii, Craig Martin, Peter Backhaus, Fumio Inoue, Lisette Gebhardt, Nobuko Shiraishi, Sumiko Iwao, Roger Goodman, Takanori Shintani, Fumihiko Satofuka, Carolin Funck, John Clammer, Wolfram Manzenreiter, Leonard Schoppa, John C Campbell, Paul Talcott, David Potter, Robert Pekkanen, Yutaka Tsujinaka, Akihiro Ogawa, Susanne Kreitz-Sandberg, Liv Coleman, Glenda S Roberts, Thomas Feldhoff, Patricia Maclachlan, Naohiro Ogawa, Akihiro Kawase, Seiritsu Ogura, Volker Elis, Charles Yuji Horioka, Fumio Ohtake, Hisashi Fukawa, Naohiro Yashiro, Hendrik Meyer-Ohle, Karen A Shire, Harald Conrad, Hidehiko Sekizawa, Andreas Moerke, Ito Peng, Naoki Ikegami, Makoto Arai, Tetsuo Fukawa, Takashi Oshio, Noriyuki Takayama, and Tomoyuki Kubo.

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Florian Coulmas, Ph.D. (1978), is Director of the German Institute for Japanese Studies, Tokyo. He has published widely about Japanese society and culture. His latest monograph is Population Decline and Ageing in Japan – The
Social Consequences
(2007). He is co-author of the Trilingual Glossary of Demographic Terminology, English-Japanese-German (Brill 2007).

Harald Conrad, Dr. rer. pol. (2000) is Associate Professor of Management, Faculty of Asia Pacific Management, Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University, Beppu, Oita, Japan. His research interests include economics and management with a focus on social security systems and human resource management. One of his ageing-related monographs is The Japanese Social Security System in Transition - An Evaluation of Current Pension Reforms (2001).

Annette Schad-Seifert, Dr. phil. (1997) is Professor of Japanese Studies, Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf, Germany. Her fields of research are social change, family and gender issues.

Gabriele Vogt, Dr. phil. (2002) is trained as a political scientist. She is a research fellow and deputy director of the German Institute for Japanese Studies, Tokyo. Her main areas of research are multi-level politics and civil society.

“This very impressive compendium on a timely subject consists of 63 well-researched articles,
written by Japanese and non-Japanese scholars from a variety of academic/research institutions
and edited by four outstanding specialists. Chief editor Coulmas is director of the German
Institute for Japanese Studies, Tokyo. The editors did a fine job of managing the difficulty of
doing demographic research on a population that requires dealing with economic, political, and
cultural factors. Each part begins with an introduction, followed by general articles and "case
in point" articles. In part 1, editors offer an introduction to major population issues for
nonspecialists, including the fundamentals of Japanese demographics. Part 2 concerns social
aspects of demographic change, with its case in point being time spent with children. Part 3 on
cultural aspects of demographic change focuses on a pet culture in the making. The political
aspects of demographic change are the focus of Part 4, with the case in point being the age
structure of volunteers. Part 5 features two cases in point: "silver" customers and "ward that
takes pride in being traffic safe for the elderly." Readers can find a special subject of interest,
yet the work serves nonspecialists as well. Summing Up: Highly recommended. All large
academic libraries” – CHOICE, March 2009

“The editors, authors and publishers of this handsome tome have provided the most comprehensive assemblage of knowledge on the subject of Japan’s demography that it is possible to do at the present time, and for that they deserve our warm appreciation. […] I am mightily impressed by the work that has gone into this volume, in particular in managing to produce such a clean and readable set of texts.”
Peter Matanle, University of Sheffield, in: Japan Forum 21:3 (2009), 439-441.
I Fundamentals
Case: The last Japanese
1 Japan’s Population Growth during the Past 100 Years
2 Fertility and Mortality
3 Statistical foundations of population projections
4 Regional Demographics
5 Comparisons with Other Countries with the Emphasis on the More Developed Regions
6 History of Demography in Japan

II Social Aspects of Demographic Change
Case: Parental leave: Women and men
7 Social Ageing and the Sociology of Ageing
8 Changing Social Concepts of Age: Towards the Active Senior Citizen
9 Aging society and the Transformation of Work in the Post-Fordist Economy
10 Engaging the Generations: Age-Integrated Facilities
11 Social Problems of Care-Giving
12 Income Inequality in the Ageing Society
13 Changes in Family Structure
Case in point: Time spent with children
14 Changing Family Life Cycle and Partnership Transition – Gender Roles and Marriage Patterns
15 Child Care in a Low Birth Society
16 Transcultural Society

III Cultural Aspects of Demographic Change
17 Traditional Concepts and Images of Old Age in Japan
18 Notions of Life, Old Age and Death in Ageing Japan
19 Population Decline, Municipal Amalgamation, and the Politics of Folk Performance Preservation in Northeast Japan
20 Ancestors, Burial Rites, and Rural Depopulation in Japan
21 Religion in Post-World War II Japan and Social Ageing
22 Coming of Age The Courts and Equality Rights in Japan’s Ageing Society
23 The Lexicon of Age: Linguistic Consequences of Population Ageing
24 Population Ageing and Language Change
25 Age and Ageing in Contemporary Japanese Literature
26 Media Use in the Ageing Society
27 Gendered Age
Case: A pet culture in the making
28 Education in the Aged Society: The Demographic Challenge to Japanese Education
29 Ageing Japan and the Transmission of Traditional Skills and Know-How
30 Age-specific Technology: A Demographic Challenge for Design
31 Ageing Tourists, Ageing Destinations: Tourism and Demographic Change in Japan
32 Pastimes
33 Sports and Demographic Change in Japan

IV Political Aspects of Demographic Change
34 Demographics and the State
35 Politics of Old-Age Policy-Making
36 Political Parties in an Ageing Society
37 Civil Society Roles in Elderly Care: A Non-profit Organization Census
38 Neighbourhood Associations and the Demographic Challenge
39 “Induced” Voluntarism: A New Role for Schools?
Case in point: Age structure of volunteers
40 Educational Policy: Framework and Challenges
41 Family Policy: Framework and Challenges
42 Immigration Policy: Frameworks and Challenges
43 Infrastructural Policy: Framework and Challenges
44 Postal Privatization and Its Implications for the Ageing Society

V Economic Aspects of Demographic Change
Case: “Silver” customers: Japan’s centenarians 1963-2005
45 Population Ageing and Economic Growth: The Role of Two Demographic Dividends in Japan
46 Macroeconomic Impact and Public Finance Perspectives of the Ageing Society
47 The Impact of the Ageing Society on Regional Economies
48 A survey of Household Saving Behaviour (in Japan)
49 The Ageing Society and Economic Inequality
50 Poverty Among the Elderly
51 Economic Factors in the Declining Birth Rate
52 Labour Market and Labour Market Policies for the Ageing Society
53 Gender Dimensions of the Ageing Workforce
54 Human Resource Management Practices and the Ageing Workforce
55 The Impact of the Ageing Society on Consumer Behaviour and Consumer Markets
Case in point: A ward that takes pride in being traffic safe for the elderly
56 The Ageing Society and Reactions of the Automobile Industry - a Case Study
57 Ageing and the Social Security System (in Japan)
58 Providing Care for the Ageing Society
59 Guardianship for Adults
60 The Public Health-Care System – a Financial Perspective
61 The Public Pension System and the Ageing Society
62 The Search for More Equitable Pensions Between Generations
63 The Restructuring of the Corporate Pension System

Professionals and students interested in demographic change and its consequences in society, economy, politics and culture, as well those engaged in Japanese Studies.
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