The Mongol Empire and its Legacy


The Mongol empire was founded early in the 13th century by Chinggis Khan and within the span of two generations embraced most of Asia, becoming the largest land-based state in history. The united empire lasted only until around 1260, but the major successor states continued on in the Middle East, present day Russia, Central Asia and China for generations, leaving a lasting impact - much of which was far from negative - on these areas and their peoples. The papers in this volume present new perspectives on the establishment of the Mongol empire, Mongol rule in the eastern Islamic world, Central Asia and China, and the legacy of this rule. The various authors approach these subjects from the view of political, military, social, cultural and intellectual history.

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Reuven Amitai-Preiss, Ph.D. (1990) in Middle Eastern History, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, is Senior Lecturer in medieval Islamic history at the Hebrew University, and author of Mongols and Mamluks: The Mamluk-Ilkhanid War (Cambridge, 1995). David Orrin Morgan, Ph.D. (1977) in History at the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS) at the University of London, is Reader in the History of the Middle East at the University of London. He has written The Mongols (London, 1986) and Medieval Persia (London, 1988), and is editor of the Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society.
'The volume is a welcome and useful addition to the growing body of modern studies on the Mongol empire, offering fresh perspectives and shedding new light on some old problems".
Peter B. Golden (Rutgers University), The International History Review, 2000.
'With contributions of the very highest standards, this is an indispensable work for specialists libraries.'
G.R.G. Hambly, Choice, 1999.
'The book is a must-read for the specialist and worth a close look by generalists. Recommended.'
'These papers provide excellent overviews on diverse topics…Scholars fascinated with Chinggis Khan and the Eurasian steppe will not be disappointed.'
Charles C. Kolb, Religious Studies Review, 1999.
' The Mongol Emipre and its Legacy is a valuable addition to the historical literature on the Mongol era. Its chapters will become standard in course syllabi and required reading for graduate exams.'
Douglas Streusand, Mesa Bulletin, 2000.
List of Maps and Figure
List of Abbreviations
Notes on Dates and Transliterations
List of Contributors


Early History of the Mongol Empire
What the Partridge Told the Eagle: A Neglected Arabic Source on Chinggis Khan and the Early History of the Mongols, Robert G. Irwin
From Ulus to Khanate: The Making of the Mongol States, c. 1220-c. 1290, Peter Jackson

The Mongols in the Middle East
Mongol Nomadism and Middle Eastern Geography: Qīshlāqs and Tümens, John Masson Smith, Jr.
Mongol Imperial Ideology and the Ilkhanid War against the Mamluks, Reuven Amitai-Preiss
The Īlkhān Öljeitü’s Conquest of Gīlān (1307): Rumour and Reality, Charles Melville
The Āthār wa ahyāʾ of Rashīd al-Dīn Fadl Allāh Hamadānī and His Contribution as an Agronomist, Arboriculturist and Horticulturist, A.K.S. Lambton
The Letters of Rashīd al-Dīn: Īlkhānid Fact or Timurid Fiction? A.H. Morton

The Mongols in China and the Far East
Mongol Empire and Turkicization: The Evidence of Food and Foodways, Paul D. Buell
Notes on Shamans, Fortune-tellers and Yin-Yang Practitioners and Civil Administration in Yüan China, Elizabeth Endicott-West
Qubilai Qaʾan and ʾPhags-pa bLa-ma, Sh. Bira
Qubilai Qaʾan and the Historians: Some Remarks on the Position of the Great Khan in Pre-modern Chinese Historiography, T.H. Barrett

The Legacy of the Mongol Empire
China as a Successor State to the Mongol Empire, Hidehiro Okada
Some Comments on the Consequences of the Decline of the Mongol Empire on the Social Development of the Mongols, Udo B. Barkmann
How Mongol were the Early Ottomans? Rudi Paul Lindner
The Early History of the Moghul Nomads: The Legacy of the Chaghatai Khanate, Hodong Kim
The Legitimacy of Khanship among the Oyirad (Kalmyk) Tribes in Relation to the Chinggisid Principle, Junko Miyawaki
The Vicissitudes of Mongolian Historiography in the Twentieth Century, Thomas N. Haining
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