Iconoclasm and Iconoclash

Struggle for Religious Identity

Series:

This book focuses on iconoclastic controversies and, in particular, their impact on the creation of religious identities. In the history of Jewish, Christian and Muslim culture, religious identity was not only formed through historical claims, but also through the use of certain images: ‘images of God’, ‘images of the others’, and ‘images of the self.’ Moreover, in the struggle for religious identity these ‘images’ were time and again employed for the purpose of establishing distinct groups, both ortho- dox and deviant. At the same time, they supplied weapons in the theological debate and found explicit expression in certain rituals or liturgical traditions.

These conference proceedings include a discussion of the role of images in society, politics, theology and liturgy, in particular addressing the ‘iconoclash’ of physical, mental and verbal images on the construction of religious identity.
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Biographical Note

Willem van Asselt is Associate Professor in Church History, Theological Faculty (Utrecht University).
Paul van Geest holds the chair of Augustinian Studies at the Faculty of Catholic Theology (Tilburg University) and at the Theological Faculty of the Free University (Vrije Universiteit) Amsterdam.
Daniela Müller is full Professor in Church History at the Faculty of Catholic Theology (University of Tilburg).
Theo Salemink is Associate Professor in Church History at the Faculty of Catholic Theology (University of Tilburg).

Review Quotes

"Der Band versammelt viele und anregende Studien unter dem weiten Titelthema. Die Sorgvalt der Beiträge und deren Zusammenstellung machen die Lektüre lohnend und entdeckungsreich. Der bildwissenschaftliche Ertrag bleibt allerdings überschaubar" – Philipp Stoellger (Rostock), in: Theologische Literaturzeitung 135 (2010)

Table of contents

INTRODUCTION

PART 1: WORD AND IMAGE: FUNDAMENTAL QUESTIONS


The Tension Between Word and Image in Christianity
Willemien Otten

The Dialectics of the Icon: A Reference to God?
Anton Houtepen

Word and Image in Christian Rituals
Gerard Rouwhorst

Seeing the Divine: a Holy Controversy
Alexander Even-Chen

Our Image of ‘Others’ and Our Own Identity
Daniela Müller

Idolatry and the Mirror: Iconoclasm as a Prerequisite for Interhuman Relations
Marcel Poorthuis


PART II: JEWISH AND CHRISTIAN DEBATES ON IMAGES UNTIL THE REFORMATION

Biblical Controversy: A Clash Between Two Divinely Inspired Messages?
Shulamit Laderman

Anthropomorphism and its Eradication
Shamma Friedman

Augustine’s Thoughts on How God May Be Represented
Paul van Geest

The Saint as Icon: Transformation of Biblical Imagery in Early Medieval Hagiography
Nienke Vos

‘Erant enim sine deo uero’. Iconoclash in Apocryphal and Liturgical Apostle Traditions of the Medieval West
Els Rose

Tangible Words: Some Reflections on the Notion of Presence in Gothic Art
Babette Hellemans

Cathars and the Representation of the Divine: Christians of the Invisible
Anne Brenon

The Clash Between Catholics and Cathars over Veneration of the Cross
Beverly Kienzle

Poor Building: The Case of the Friars Minor
Gerard Pieter Freeman


PART III: PROTESTANT REFORMATION AND CATHOLIC REFORMATION

The Prohibition of Images and Protestant Identity
Willem van Asselt

Aspects of Iconoclasm in Utrecht – Today and in the Past
Casper Staal

The Alphen Pig War
Jo Spaans

Papal Prohibitions Midway Between Rigor and Laxity.On the Issue of Depicting the Holy Trinity
Jan Hallebeek


PART IV: MODERN TIMES

The Politics of Representation: Prussian Monarchy and Roman Catholic Church in the Making of Saints During the 19th Century
Angela Berlis

Christ, Art and the Nation. The Berlin ‘Christ Exhibition’ of 1896 and the Search for a Protestant Identity in Wilhelminian Germany
Christopher König

The Written Icon Images of God in Modern Dutch Literature
Jaap Goedegebuure

The New Iconoclasm. The Avant-garde and the Catholic Church
Theo Salemink

Vandalism as a Secular Iconoclasm
Alexander Demandt

Readership

All those interested in the History of Images

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