This book focuses on iconoclastic controversies and, in particular, their impact on the creation of religious identities. In the history of Jewish, Christian and Muslim culture, religious identity was not only formed through historical claims, but also through the use of certain images: ‘images of God’, ‘images of the others’, and ‘images of the self.’ Moreover, in the struggle for religious identity these ‘images’ were time and again employed for the purpose of establishing distinct groups, both ortho- dox and deviant. At the same time, they supplied weapons in the theological debate and found explicit expression in certain rituals or liturgical traditions.
These conference proceedings include a discussion of the role of images in society, politics, theology and liturgy, in particular addressing the ‘iconoclash’ of physical, mental and verbal images on the construction of religious identity.
Willem van Asselt is Associate Professor in Church History, Theological Faculty (Utrecht University).
Paul van Geest holds the chair of Augustinian Studies at the Faculty of Catholic Theology (Tilburg University) and at the Theological Faculty of the Free University (Vrije Universiteit) Amsterdam.
Daniela Müller is full Professor in Church History at the Faculty of Catholic Theology (University of Tilburg).
Theo Salemink is Associate Professor in Church History at the Faculty of Catholic Theology (University of Tilburg).
"Der Band versammelt viele und anregende Studien unter dem weiten Titelthema. Die Sorgvalt der Beiträge und deren Zusammenstellung machen die Lektüre lohnend und entdeckungsreich. Der bildwissenschaftliche Ertrag bleibt allerdings überschaubar" – Philipp Stoellger (Rostock), in:
Theologische Literaturzeitung 135 (2010)
Table of contents
PART 1: WORD AND IMAGE: FUNDAMENTAL QUESTIONS
The Tension Between Word and Image in Christianity
The Dialectics of the Icon: A Reference to God?
Word and Image in Christian Rituals
Seeing the Divine: a Holy Controversy
Our Image of ‘Others’ and Our Own Identity
Idolatry and the Mirror: Iconoclasm as a Prerequisite for Interhuman Relations
PART II: JEWISH AND CHRISTIAN DEBATES ON IMAGES UNTIL THE REFORMATION
Biblical Controversy: A Clash Between Two Divinely Inspired Messages?
Anthropomorphism and its Eradication
Augustine’s Thoughts on How God May Be Represented
Paul van Geest
The Saint as Icon: Transformation of Biblical Imagery in Early Medieval Hagiography
‘Erant enim sine deo uero’. Iconoclash in Apocryphal and Liturgical Apostle Traditions of the Medieval West
Tangible Words: Some Reflections on the Notion of Presence in Gothic Art
Cathars and the Representation of the Divine: Christians of the Invisible
The Clash Between Catholics and Cathars over Veneration of the Cross
Poor Building: The Case of the Friars Minor
Gerard Pieter Freeman
PART III: PROTESTANT REFORMATION AND CATHOLIC REFORMATION
The Prohibition of Images and Protestant Identity
Willem van Asselt
Aspects of Iconoclasm in Utrecht – Today and in the Past
The Alphen Pig War
Papal Prohibitions Midway Between Rigor and Laxity.On the Issue of Depicting the Holy Trinity
PART IV: MODERN TIMES
The Politics of Representation: Prussian Monarchy and Roman Catholic Church in the Making of Saints During the 19th Century
Christ, Art and the Nation. The Berlin ‘Christ Exhibition’ of 1896 and the Search for a Protestant Identity in Wilhelminian Germany
The Written Icon Images of God in Modern Dutch Literature
The New Iconoclasm. The Avant-garde and the Catholic Church
Vandalism as a Secular Iconoclasm