Will, Action and Freedom

Christological Controversies in the Seventh Century


Such important issues of the modern thought as freedom, will, and action have their roots not only in classical philosophy, but also in early Christian theology. The book aims to fill a gap in our knowledge about the theological roots of the issues mentioned. The author explores Christological contests of the 7th century on the issues of will and actions (energy) in Christ. The main source for the research are the acts of the western and eastern Church councils and writings of the most prominent theologians of the time. The author also thoroughly examines the preceding theological traditions associated with the names of Apollinarius of Laodicea, Theodore of Mopsuestia, Cyril of Alexandria and Severus of Antioch.

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Cyril Hovorun, Ph.D. (2003) in Theology, University of Durham, is lecturer of Patristics at Theological Academy of Kiev. He has published extensively on Byzantine patristics, post-Byzantine and modern Greek history and theology, non-Chalcedonian theological traditions.

Chapter One Early Monenergisms
1.1. Apollinarius of Laodicea
1.2. The Antiochian tradition
1.3. Anti-Chalcedonian Monenergisms
1.3.1. The Monenergism of Severus of Antioch
1.3.2. The Monothelitism of Severus
1.3.3. Julian of Halicarnassus
1.3.4. The Agnoetes
1.3.5. Criticism of the concept of ignorance Theodosius of Alexandria Anthimus of Trebizond Colluthus Constantine of Laodicea
1.3.6. Sergius the Grammarian
1.3.7. Conclusions
1.4. Theopaschism
1.5. The eve of the Monothelite controversy

Chapter Two History
2.1. Historical premises
2.2. Setting up the new doctrine
2.3. Union at Alexandria7
2.4. The Ecthesis
2.5. Maximus and the West: strategic alliance
2.6. The Typos
2.7. The Lateran council
2.8. The 680/1 council
2.9. Attempts at a renewal of Monothelitism
2.10. The Maronites
2.11. Conclusions

Chapter Th ree ‘Imperial’ Monenergism-Monothelitism versus Dyenergism-Dyothelitism
3.1. Key notions
3.1.1. The oneness of Christ
3.1.2. One hypostasis and two natures
3.1.3. Natural properties
3.1.4. Energeia Notion ‘A new theandric energeia’ Two energeiai Created and uncreated energeiai
3.1.5. Will Notion One or two wills
3.2. Relations between main categories
3.2.1. Energeia—One-Who-Acts
3.2.2. Will—One-Who-Wills
3.2.3. Will—‘nous’
3.2.4. Energeia—nature
3.2.5. Will-nature
3.2.6. Energeia—will—natural properties
3.2.7. Energeia—will

Editions of texts consulted
Secondary literature
Index of names, places, and subjects

All those interested in the philosophy of late Antiquity, Patristics, the history of Christian doctrine, the history of Byzantium in the 7th century, the historical roots of modern concepts of freedom, will, and action.
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