Mercenaries and Paid Men

The Mercenary Identity in the Middle Ages


Mercenaries have always had a poor press. Theirs is one of the world's oldest professions, but the very word has profoundly negative connotations of infidelity and ruthlessness. But were they so different from soldiers? Why, in any case, were they so omnipresent in the warfare of the medieval and early modern period? What kind of men became mercenaries and where did they come from? These are some of the questions which the essays in this volume address.
Contributors are: Richard Abels, Bernard Bachrach, David Bachrach, Adrian Bell,Charles Bowlus, David Crouch, Guido Dall'Oro, Kelly Devries, Sven Ekdahl, John Hosler, John Law, Alan Murray, Stephen Morillo, Laura Napran, Eljas Oksanen, Carlos Andrez Gonzalez Paz, Ciaran Og O'Reilly, Muriosa Prendergast, Nicolas Prouteau, John Pryor, Ifor Rowlands, Spencer Smith.

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By: J. France
Pages: 395–415
John France, BA.PhD. (Nottingham) is Professor of Medieval History at Swansea University. He has published extensively on medieval military history, especially on the crusades. His Victory in the East is the military history of the First Crusade.
“This stimulating collection of conference papers illustrates the
changing nature of military history today. The combination of Whig
and Puritan history that made mercenaries into representatives of the
bad old days is disappearing. Historians are looking at them again,
some wanting to understand how the process of recruiting foreign (or
more local) warriors worked in social, economic, and political terms;
some recognizing that Machiavelli's contemporaries had good reasons
for ignoring his ideas; and some even seeing mercenaries as a step
toward national armies”

Reviewed by William Urban in H-HRE, H-Net Reviews. May, 2009.URL:
List of Contributors

Introduction .. 1

1. William Marshal and the Mercenariat .. 15
David Crouch
2. Revisiting Mercenaries under Henry Fitz Empress, 1167–1188 .. 33
John D. Hosler
3. Medieval Mercenaries: Methodology, Defi nitions, and Problems .. 43
Kelly DeVries
4. Les Mercenaires dans les Campagnes Napolitaines de Louis le Grand, Roi de Hongrie, 1347–1350 .. 61
Guido Guerri dall’Oro
5. The Da Varano Lords of Camerino as Condottiere Princes .. 89
John E. Law
6. ‘Beneath the Battle’? Miners and Engineers as ‘Mercenaries’ in the Holy Land (XII–XIII siècles) .. 105
Nicolas Prouteau
7. Soldiers of Fortune in the Fleets of Charles I of Anjou, King of Sicily, ca. 1265–85 .. 119
John H. Pryor
8. Household Men, Mercenaries and Vikings in Anglo-Saxon England .. 143
Richard Abels
9. Merovingian Mercenaries and Paid Soldiers in Imperial Perspective .. 167
Professor Bernard S. Bachrach
10. The Early Hungarians as Mercenaries 860–955 .. 193
Charles R. Bowlus
11. ‘Warriors Fit for a Prince’: Welsh Troops in Angevin Service, 1154–1216 .. 207
I.W. Rowlands
12. Urban Military Forces of England and Germany c. 1240–c. 1315, a Comparison .. 231
David S. Bachrach
13. Mercenaries, Mamluks and Militia: Towards a Cross-cultural Typology of Military Service .. 243
Stephen Morillo
14. The Anglo-Flemish Treaties and Flemish Soldiers in England 1101–1163 .. 261
Eljas Oksanen
15. The Origin of Money-Fiefs in the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem .. 275
Alan V. Murray
16. Mercenaries and Paid Men in Gilbert of Mons .. 287
Laura Napran
17. The Fourteenth Century Soldier—More Chaucer’s Knight or Medieval Career? .. 301
Adrian R. Bell
18. What does a Mercenary Leave Behind? The Archaeological Evidence for the Estates of Owain Lawgoch .. 317
Spencer Gavin Smith
19. The Role of Mercenary Troops in Spain in the Fourteenth Century: the Civil War .. 331
Carlos Andrés González Paz
20. The Teutonic Order’s Mercenaries during the ‘Great War’ with Poland-Lithuania (1409–11) .. 345
Sven Ekdahl
21. Scots Mercenary Forces in Sixteenth Century Ireland .. 363
Muríosa Prendergast
22. The Irish Mercenary Tradition in the 1600s .. 383
Ciarán Óg O’Reilly

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