This book is a collection of notable papers from the first six volumes of the journal Comparative Sociology. Its content represents leading-edge and contemporarily astute analyses in the burgeoning science of comparative sociology, especially relevant to a globalizing world in transition. Given that not everyone is acquainted with comparative sociology, this book offers an opportunity to enlighten readers unfamiliar with the discipline about the importance of comparative sociology to the new world order. Taken together, the articles illuminate various aspects of comparative sociology—theoretical, methodological, substantive. Some compare social entities in subjective, case-study fashion, while others report on rigorous social research. All contribute in one form or another to describing the many and varied facets of the exciting “new” science of comparative sociology.
Contributors are Margit Bussmann, Cristina Corduneanu-Huci, Mattei Dogan, Janet Harkness, Kristen R. Heimdal, Sharon K. Houseknecht, Ho-fung Hung, Ronald Inglehart, Valeriy Khmelko, Melvin L. Kohn, Robert M. Marsh, Peter Ph. Mohler, Pippa Norris, John R. Oneal, Noriko Onodera, Maryjane Osa, Vladimir I. Paniotto, Masamichi Sasaki, Shalom H. Schwartz, Tom W. Smith, Indra de Soysa, Tatsuzo Suzuki, Erich Weede, Brigitte Weiffen, and Masato Yoneda.
The content of this volume has previously been published in Comparative Sociology volumes 1 – 6.3.
Masamichi Sasaki, Ph.D.(1980), Sociology, Princeton University; Professor of Sociology, Chuo University, Tokyo; Past President of International Institute of Sociology 1997-2001. Founding Editor of Comparative Sociology. Recent publications: (ed.) Elites: New Comparative Perspectives (Brill, 2008).
"The comparative perspective wins ever new ground in the social sciences and through this collection Professor Sasaki enables us to sample broadly and comparatively many of the works which exemplify this new wave."
Emeritus Professor of Sociology
Introduction, Masamichi Sasaki
I. METHODS IN COMPARATIVE SOCIOLOGY
Strategies in Comparative Sociology, Mattei Dogan Methods for Assessing and Calibrating Response Scales across Countries and Languages, Tom W. Smith, Peter Ph. Mohler, Janet Harkness, and Noriko Onodera
II. RADICAL SOCIAL CHANGE
The Transition to Capitalism in China and Russia, Erich Weede Social Structure and Personality during the Process of Radical Social Change: A Study of Ukraine in Transition, Melvin L. Kohn, Valeriy Khmelko, Vladimir I. Paniotto, and Ho-fung Hung
III. VALUES, CULTURE AND DEMOCRACY
A Theory of Cultural Value Orientations: Explication and Applications, Shalom H. Schwartz Islamic Culture and Democracy: Testing the ‘Clash of Civilizations’ Thesis, Pippa Norris and Ronald Inglehart The Cultural-Economic Syndrome: Impediments to Democracy in the Middle East, Brigitte Weiffen
IV. INSTITUTIONS IN COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVE
Running Uphill: Political Opportunity in Non-Democracies, Maryjane Osa and Cristina Corduneanu-Huci Does a Strong Institution of Religion Require a Strong Family Institution?, Kristen R. Heimdal and Sharon K. Houseknecht
V. SOCIAL PROCESSES
Globalization and Income Inequality in the Developing World, Margit Bussmann, Indra de Soysa, and John R. Oneal English as an International Language in Non-Native Settings in an Era of Globalization, Masamichi Sasaki, Tatsuzo Suzuki and Masato Yoneda A New Test of Convergence Theory, Robert M. Marsh
Notes on Contributors
All those interested in Comparative sociology, Methodology, Theory, Sociology of Language, Social Change, Social Values, Sociology of Democracy.