The China Environment Yearbook, Volume 2

Changes and Struggles

Series: 

Editor: Dongping Yang
This volume of The China Environment Yearbook is the second in a series of annual records written, commissioned, produced, and edited by Friends of Nature, China’s premier environmental non-governmental organization. This book provides a window on debates and events as they have affected China’s struggles toward a more just and sustainable model of development during the year 2006. Courageous essays question policies of fencing Inner Mongolian grasslands in a way that contradicts local culture and ecology; probe the wisdom of the South-to-North water transfer scheme in the upper Yangzi (and of a potentially even more ecologically intrusive mega-project called the Shuotian Grand Canal Project); and analyze shortcomings in government efforts to clean up some of China’s most heavily polluted waterways. There are candid accounts of new levels of environmental degradation in rural areas and of the difficulties encountered in China’s effort to produce a “green GDP” that would accurately reflect the costs of natural resource extraction and pollution. Other hard-hitting articles describe China’s role in the global trade in illegal logging, analyze the problem of “cancer villages,” and make clear the seriousness of problems with widespread groundwater contamination and lack of access to safe drinking water.

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Yang Dongping is co-founder and vice president of Friends of Nature and professor of education at the Beijing Institute of Technology.
Friends of Nature was the first environmental non-governmental organization in the People’s Republic of China, established in 1994 by Liang Congjie, Yang Dongping, Liang Xiaoyan and Wang Lixiong. The organization has more than 3000 active members and has been recipient fifteen prestigious national and international awards.
International Advisory Board:
Judith Shapiro is the Director of Global Environmental Politics programs at American University's School of International Service in Washington, DC. She has published extensively on modern and contemporary China, including Mao's War against Nature (Cambridge, 2001), an account of China's political campaigns to conquer the natural world.
Guobin Yang is Associate Professor of Asian and Middle Eastern Cultures at Barnard College, Columbia University. He has published over twenty journal articles and book chapters on contemporary social issues in China, including environmental activism, voluntary associations, and the politics of the internet.
"The extensive data and many case studies inform Western readers of China’s environmental challenges and how they may be addressed. Its broad selection of topics will appeal to all who are interested in China’s environmental affairs. Because it is nontechnical, even readers with limited formal environmental education can easily understand the material... Changes and Struggles is a worthy addition to university and public libraries."
Herman F. Huang, China Review International: Volume 16, No. 3, 2009
Introduction
Judith Shapiro

GENERAL REPORT
Standing at a New Vantage Point—China’s Environment in 2006, the First Year of the Eleventh Five-Year Plan
Hu Kanping

PART ONE: THE ENVIRONMENT AND SOCIETY
Challenges of and Prospects for Green GDP Accounting
Zhang Ying
Pan Yue’s Reflections on the Environment
Hu Kanping
Environmental Fiscal Reform (EFR) Is the Key to Realizing Environmental Targets in the Eleventh Five-Year Plan
Ma Zhong, Wu Jian
A Good Beginning: Environmental Legislation in the Eleventh Five-Year Plan – A 2006 Update
Ning Chen, Wu Zhijiao
Environmental Problems in Developing the New Socialist Countryside
Wang Peng
Rural Society Coping with Pollution
Tao Chuanjin
The Wushan Model: Building a Sustainable New Socialist Countryside
Sun Jun
Greening China’s Film Industry in 2006
Guo Xiaojun
The Evolution of International NGOs in China: Broadening Environmental Collaboration and Shifting Priorities
W. Chad Futrell

PART TWO: ECOLOGY
The Environmental Impacts of Large-scale Construction Projects
Fan Xiao
Are Fences and Grazing Bans the Best Tools for Controlling Desertification?
Liu Shurun

PART THREE: WATER
Gaining and Maintaining Access to Safe Drinking Water
Zhao Wengen
Controlling Pollution in the Huaihe River Basin: Still a Long Way to Go
Huo Daishan
Water Rights Trading in China
Li Xi, Liu Mei
Mapping Water Pollution in China: Informational Transparency at Work
Ma Jun

PART FOUR: FORESTS
The Ecological Benefits of Improving the Quality of Forests
Shen Xiaohui
Forest Rights “Reform” and Natural Forest Protection
Feng Yongfeng
Chinese Wood Products Trades and the Illegal Timber Trade
Tamara Stark, Shi Pengxiang, Cheng Yun

PART FIVE: APPENDIX
Annual Indexes: Environmental Data and Trends
All those interested in developments in China's environment and environmental policy. Also an excellent primary source for analysis of the political climate for NGOs and public intellectual and policy discourse in China.