The Day of Atonement

Its Interpretations in Early Jewish and Christian Traditions 


Established at the center of the Torah, the instructions for the celebration of the “Day of Atonement” hold a prominent position (Leviticus 16). The language of atonement, purification and reconciliation represents the variety of concepts that both explore the complex relationships between God and man, between Yahweh and his chosen people Israel, and that set apart the place of encounter—the sanctuary. Leviticus 16 has served as the point of departure for numerous religious and cultural practices and thoughts that have had a formative influence on Judaism and Christianity up to the present day. The essays in this volume form a representative cross section of the history of the reception of Leviticus 16 and the tradition of the Yom ha-Kippurim.

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Thomas Hieke, Dr. theol. (1996) in Old Testament studies, is Professor of Old Testament at the Faculty of Catholic Theology, Johannes Gutenberg-University of Mainz, Germany. He is preparing a commentary on Leviticus for the series Herders Theologischer Kommentar zum Alten Testament.

Tobias Nicklas, Dr. theol. (2000) in New Testament studies, is Professor of New Testament at the Faculty of Catholic Theology, University of Regensburg, Germany. He has published extensively on Early Jewish Literature and Christian Apocrypha.
Part 1, Biblical Aspects of the Day of Atonement

Bernd Janowski, Das Geschenk der Versöhnung. Leviticus 16 als Schlussstein der priesterlichen Kulttheologie Richard J. Bautch, The Formulary of Atonement (Lev 16:21) in Penitential Prayers of the Second Temple Period

Part 2, The Day of Atonement in Early Judaism

Anke Dorman, ‘Commit Injustice and Shed Innocent Blood.’ Motives Behind the Institution of the Day of Atonement in the Book of Jubilees
William K. Gilders, The Day of Atonement in the Dead Sea Scrolls
Isaac Kalimi, The Day of Atonement in the Late Second Temple Period: Sadducees’ High Priests, Pharisees’ Norms, and Qumranites’ Calendar(s)
Christopher T. Begg, Yom Kippur in Josephus
Günter Stemberger, Yom Kippur in Mishnah Yoma
József Zsengellér, The Day of Atonement of the Samaritans

Part 3, The Day of Atonement in Early Christianity

Daniel Stökl Ben Ezra, Fasting with Jews, Thinking with Scapegoats: Some Remarks on Yom Kippur in Early Judaism and Christianity, in particular 4Q541, Barnabas 7, Matthew 27 and Acts 27
Markus Tiwald, Christ as Hilasterion (Rom 3:25). Pauline Theology on the Day of Atonement in the Mirror of Early Jewish Thought
David M. Moffitt, Blood, Life, and Atonement: Reassessing Hebrews’ Christological Appropriation of Yom Kippur
Gabriella Gerlardini, The Inauguration of Yom Kippur According to the LXX and its Cessation or Perpetuation According to the Book of Hebrews: A Systematic Comparison

Part 4, The Day of Atonement in Jewish Liturgy

Andreas Lehnardt, ‚Seder Yom ha-Kippurim kakh hu‘ – Zur Entwicklung der synagogalen Liturgie des Versöhnungstages
All those interested in Biblical studies and the history of the reception of the scriptures of Israel in Early Judaism and Early Christianity, as well as cultural anthropologists and theologians.
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