Settler Economies in World History


Settler colonialism was a major aspect of the imperial age that began in the sixteenth century and has encompassed the whole world unto the present. Modern settler societies have together constituted one of the major routes to economic development from their foundation in resource abundance and labour scarcity. This book is a major and wide-ranging comparative historical enquiry into the experiences of the settler world. The roles of indigenous dispossession, large-scale immigrant labour, land abundance, trade, capital, and the settler institutions, are central to this economic formation and its history. The chapters examine those economies that emerged as genuine colonial hybrids out of their differing neo-European backgrounds, with distinctive post-independence structures and an institutional persistence into the present as independent states.

Contributors include Stanley Engerman, Susan Carter, Henry Willebald, Luis Bertola, Claude Lützelschwab, Frank Tough, Kathleen Dimmer, Tony Ward, Drew Keeling, Carl Mosk, David Meredith, Martin Shanahan, John K Wilson, Bernard Attard, Grietjie Verhoef, Tim Rooth, Francine McKenzie, Jorge Alvarez, Jim McAloon, as well as the editors.

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Christopher Lloyd, PhD (1991) is professor of economic history in the University of New England, Australia, and visiting professor at Helsinki University, Finland. His fields of research have included historical theory, Australian historical political economy, comparative welfare states, and Australian Aboriginal history.

Jacob Metzer is Emeritus Professor of Economics at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. His research areas include the economic history of Mandatory Palestine and Israel, Jewish migration and employment patterns, economic aspects of ethno-nationalism, and the economics of settler societies.

Richard Sutch is an economic historian, a Distinguished Professor of Economics at the University of California, Riverside, and a Research Associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research. He has served as the President of the International Economic History Association.
"The [...] volume is a warmly welcomed addition to [the] expanding literature on the unity of the settler economy experience. [...] Settler Economies in World History provides an entertaining and valuable snapshot of the state of research in different branches of the economic history of settler societies. [...] [I]t represents a worthwhile addition to our growing knowledge of settler societies and their economies." – Gary B. Magee, in: Settler Colonial Studies 4/1 (2014), pp. 122-124 [ DOI: 10.1080/2201473X.2013.831337]
Introduction: Toward a Unified Approach to the Economic History of Settler Economies, Richard Sutch

1. Settler Colonization and Societies in World History: Patterns and Concepts, Christopher Lloyd and Jacob Metzer


2. Why the Settlers Soared: The Dynamics of Immigration and Economic Growth in the ‘Golden Age’ for settler Societies, Susan Carter and Richard Sutch

3. Five Hundred Years of European Colonization: Inequality and Paths of Development, Stanley Engerman and Kenneth L. Sokoloff

4. Uneven Development Paths Among Settler Societies, 1870-2000, Henry Willebald and Luis Bértola

5. Settler Colonialism in Africa, Claude Lützelschwab

6. Jews in Mandatory Palestine and Additional Phenomena of Atypical Settler Colonization in Modern Time, Jacob Metzer


Settler-Indigenous Relations

7. Dispossession by the Market on the Frontier of Property Systems: Case Studies of the Maori Land Court, Indian Reservation Allotment, and Métis Scrip, Frank Tough and Kathleen Dimmer

8. The Aboriginal Economy in Settler Societies: Maori and Canadian Prairie Indians, Tony Ward

Labor and Migration

9. Patterns and Processes of Migration, Drew Keeling

10. Three Island Frontiers: Japanese Migration in the Pacific, Carl Mosk

11. Coerced Labour in Southern Hemisphere Settler Economies, David Meredith

12. Labor Market Outcomes in settler Economies Between 1870 and 1913: Accounting for Differences in Labor Hours and Occupations, Martin Shanahan and John K Wilson

Finance and Capital Flows

13. Wakefieldian Investment and the Birth of New Societies, c 1830-1930, Bernard Attard

14. Financial Intermediaries in Settler Economies, Grietjie Verhoef

Trade and Investment

15. International Trade and Investment of the Settler Economies during the Twentieth Century: Argentina, Australia, Canada, New Zealand and South Africa, Tim Rooth

16. Trade, Dominance, Dependence and the end of the Settlement Era in Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa, 1920-1973, Francine McKenzie

Institutional Development

17. So Similar, So Different: New Zealand and Uruguay in the World Economy, Jorge Alvarez and Luis Bértola

18. The State and Economic Development in 20th Century Australia and New Zealand, Jim McAloon

19. Institutional Patterns of the Settler Societies: Hybrid, Parallel, and Convergent, Christopher Lloyd

Scholars and students of modern world economic history in general as well as those interested in the comparative economic and institutional history of the settler regions such as North America, Southern South America, Australasia, Southern and Northern Africa, and Palestine.