Ancient and Medieval Economic Ideas and Concepts of Social Justice

The history of ideas is full of attempts to construct a conceptual apparatus to facilitate discussions of the workings of economic structures and of justice in interpersonal relations, cultural institutions and the social order. The aim of this volume is to provide up-to-date summaries of such ideas on economic issues and social justice which have been brought forward in each historic period from antiquity to early modern times. The emphasis is on the Near Eastern and Mediterranean background of western European culture from the world of the Old Testament and the ancient Greeks through to Spanish scholasticism and its offshoots in the Spanish Americas down to the 18th century. The 13 contributing scholars have each in his or her own way investigated the actual surviving writings from their specialist periods, along with their own or other modern interpretations. The essays presented here do not pretend to argue for a particular definition or concept of economic science or to determine its origins nor to define social justice, but rather to draw attention to the ideas of writers from the past that relate to relevant concepts in modern discussions of economic activity and social obligations.

It has been brought to our attention that in a chapter in this volume
“Later Scholastics: Spanish Economic Thought in the XVIth and XVIIth Centuries” by Francisco Gómez Camacho
direct reference and citation of the works of other scholars is often inconsistent and in some cases totally lacking. While we do not believe that it was the intention of the author of the article to misappropriate other persons’ material, we do admit that the chapter does not meet standards currently expected of an academic publication. We regret any misappropriation of another author's language, thoughts, ideas, or expressions in our publications and will remain vigilant to prevent this recurring in the future. We give notice that the chapter has been retracted and will not appear in any future editions of the book.

Brill, April 2015


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Table of contents

Introduction, S. Todd Lowry The Ecomonic and Jurisprudential Ideas of the Ancient Greeks: Our Heritage from Hellenistic Tought, S. Todd Lowry An Economic Look at the Old Testament, Dov Paris Hellenistic Economic Thought, P. Baloglou Social Justice: The New-Testament Perspective, Thomas O. Nitsch Economic Thought among the Early Byzantine Church Fathers, A.D. Karayannis Talmud and Talmudic Tradition: A Socio-Economic Perspective, Roman A. Ohrenstein Roman Thought on Economics and Justice, Gloria Vivenza 'For I was hungry and you fed me': Social Justice and Economic Thought in the Late Patristic and Medieval Christian Traditions, Abigail Firey Monetary and Market Consciousness in Thirteenth and Fourteenth Century Europe, Joel Kaye Economic Thought in the Last Byzantine Period, Christos P. Baloglou The Medieval Schoolmen (1200-1400), Odd Langholm Later Scholastics: Spanish Economic Thought in the XVIth and XVIIth Centuries, Francisco Gómez Camacho Latin American Scholastics, Oreste Popescu