Many scholars of the Second Temple period have replaced the concept of canonization by that of canonical process. Study of the Dead Sea Scrolls has been crucial for this new direction. Based on this new evidence taxonomic terms like biblical, nonbiblical or parabiblical seem anachronistic for the period before 70 C.E. The notion of authoritative Scriptures plays an important part in the new paradigm of canonical process, but it has not yet been sufficiently reflected upon and is in need of clarification. Why were some texts more authoritative than others? For whom and in what contexts were texts authoritative? And what are our criteria to determine to what extent a text was authoritative? In short, what do we mean by “authoritative”? This volume focuses on specific texts or corpora of texts, and approaches the notion of authoritative Scriptures from sociological, cultural and literary perspectives.
Mladen Popović, Ph.D. (2006) in Theology and Religious Studies, is Assistant Professor of Old Testament and Early Judaism at the University of Groningen and Director of the Qumran Institute. He is the author of
Reading the Human Body (Brill, 2007).
‘In sum, this fine collection of essays paints a representative picture of the state of the debates on the authoritativeness of Second Temple Jewish texts at the time of the completion of the publication endeavour of the Dead Sea Scrolls.‘
‘Therefore, this volume is to be recommended to biblical scholars of Old and New Testament alike, and to students of Second Temple Judaism and its literature in particular.’
Ephemerides Theologicae Lovanienses 87/1 2011
Contributors include: Florentino García Martínez, George J. Brooke, Arie van der Kooij, Emanuel Tov, Julio Trebolle, Émile Puech, Michael A. Knibb, Eibert Tigchelaar, Albert L.A. Hogeterp, Charlotte Hempel, John J. Collins, Mladen Popović, Hindy Najman, George H. van Kooten, Tobias Nicklas, and Jan N. Bremmer
All those interested in canon formation and the transmission of authoritative texts and traditions in Judaism and Christianity.