Professions in Civil Society and the State

Invariant Foundations and Consequences


Professions are central to any political sociology of major associations, organizations and venues in civil society underpinning democracy; they are not a subset of livelihoods in a mundane sociology of work and occupations. Professions in Civil Society and the State is at once elegant and startling in its directness and the sheer scope of its implications for future comparative research and theory. Not since Talcott Parsons during the early 1970s has any sociologist (or political scientist) pursued this line of inquiry. Sciulli’s theoretical approach differs fundamentally from Parsons’ and rests on a breadth of historical and cross-national support that always eluded him. The sociology of professions has come full circle, leaving behind Parsons, his critics, and two generations of received wisdom.

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David Sciulli, Ph.D. Political Science, Columbia University, is Professor of Sociology at Texas A&M University. He is author of Theory of Societal Constitutionalism (Cambridge 1992), Corporations v. the Court (Lynne Reinner 1999) and Corporate Power in Civil Society (NYU 2001).

I. The Professions Literature Today
1. Approaches and Debates from 1930s to Today
2. The Situation on the Continent

II. Professionalism outside Historical and Contemporary Pools
3. The Paris Visual Academie
4. Corporate Governance and Delaware Courts
5. Reflections, Analyses, Appraisals

III. A Structural and Institutional Approach
6. Professions and Structured Situations
7. Independent Socio-Cultural Authority of Professionalism
8. Consequences of Professionalism, Immediate and Institutional
9. Fiducial Responsibilities of Professionalism
10. Occupational Orientations of Professionalism: “Dividing Line” in the Occupational Order
11. Additional Constitutive Qualities: Professional Governance, Behavior, Shared Cognition
12. Drawing Distinctions: Structural Qualities, Illustrations and a Rereading

Everyone interested in professions, democratic consolidation, public sphere, civil society, intermediary associations, theory, and histories of French and Italian academies and of classical Italian and French art.
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