Comparative Civilizations and Multiple Modernities

A Collection of Essays

This collection of essays provides an analysis of the dynamics of Civilizations. The processes of globalization and of world history are described from a comparative sociological point of view in a Weberian tradition. These essays were written between 1974 and 2002 by one of the most eminent sociologists of today. All volumes of the print edition will become available in individual e-books: 9789004531482 (volume 1) - 9789004531499 (volume 2).

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Shmuel N. Eisenstadt (†), Ph.D. (1947), Jerusalem, was Professor Emeritus at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. He was a member of many academies and a recipient of honorary doctoral degrees from the Universities of Tel Aviv, Helsinki, Harvard, Duke and Hebrew Union College. Recipient of many prizes and awards, he authored more than 50 books.
1. Introduction: Comparative Studies and Sociological Theory—From Comparative Studies to Civilizational Analysis: Autobiographical Notes

I. Theoretical Approach
2. The Civilizational Dimension in Sociological Analysis
3. Social division of labor, construction of centers and institutional dynamics: A reassessment of the structuralevolutionary perspective
4. Cultural Programs, the Construction of Collective Identities and the Continual Reconstruction of Primordiality
5. Some Observations on the Dynamics of Traditions
6. Comparative Liminality. Liminality and Dynamics of Civilizations

II. Axial Civilizations
A. General Analysis

7. The Axial Age: The emergence of transcendental visions and the rise of clerics
8. Cultural traditions and political dynamics: the origins and modes of ideological politics
9. Transcendental vision, center formation and the role of intellectuals
10. Utopias and Dynamics of Civilizations: Some concluding observations
B. Analyses of Selected Axial Civilizations and of Japan
11. This-worldly transcendentalism and the structuring of the world: Weber’s “Religion of China” and the Format of Chinese History and Civilization
12. Some Observations on the transformation of Confucianism (and Buddhism) in Japan
13. A Short Comparative Excurse on the (Theravada) Buddhist Civilizational Format and Historical Experience
14. Cultural Traditions, Conceptions of Sovereignty and State Formations in India and Europe
15. The Crystallization of Christian Civilizations in Europe
16. The Jewish Historical Experience in the Framework of Comparative Universal History
17. Civil Society, Public Sphere, the Myth of Oriental Despotism and Political Dynamic in Islamic Societies
18. Japan and the multiplicity of cultural programmes of modernity
19. Some Comparative Indications about the Dynamics of Historical Axial and non-Axial Civilizations

III. Modernity as Civilization
20. The Civilizational Dimension of Modernity: Modernity as a Distinct Civilization
21. Multiple Modernities in an Age of Globalization
22. Multiple Modernities
23. Barbarism and Modernity: the Destructive Components of Modernity

IV. The Historical and Civilizational Framework of Western Modernity
24. Origins of the West. The origins of the West in recent Macrosociological Theory. The Protestant Ethic Reconsidered
25. Frameworks of the Great Revolutions: Culture, Social Structure, History and Human Agency
26. The Sectarian Origin of Modernity

V. Multiple Modernities
A. The Classical Age of Modernity

27. The Breakdown and Transformation of Communist Regimes
28. The First Multiple Modernities: The civilization of the Americas
29. Mirror Image Modernities: Contrasting Religious Premises of Japanese and U.S. Modernity
30. Israeli Politics and the Jewish Political Tradition: Principled Political Anarchism and the Rule of the Court
31. The Puzzle of Indian Democracy
32. Center Formation and Protest Movements in Europe and the U.S.A.: Comparative Perspective
33. The Structuring of Social Protest in Modern Societies: The Limits and Direction of Convergence
34. Construction of Trust, Collective Identity and the Fragility and Continuity of Democratic Regimes
B. The Contemporary Scene
35. The Contemporary Scene: Beyond the Hegemony of the Nation and Revolutionary State Model
36. Globalization, civilizational traditions and multiple modernities
37. The Jacobin Component of Fundamentalist Movements
38. The Reconstruction of Religious Arenas in the Framework of Multiple Modernities

S.N. Eisenstadt: List of Publications
Index of Names
Index of Subject
Sociologists, anthropologists, historians, religion specialists.
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