The new definition of the animal is one of the fascinating features of the intellectual life of the early modern period. The sixteenth century saw the invention of the new science of zoology. This went hand in hand with the (re)discovery of anatomy, physiology and – in the seventeenth century – the invention of the microscope. The discovery of the new world confronted intellectuals with hitherto unknown species, which found their way into courtly menageries, curiosity cabinets and academic collections. Artistic progress in painting and drawing brought about a new precision of animal illustrations. In this volume, specialists from various disciplines (Neo-Latin, French, German, Dutch, History, history of science, art history) explore the fascinating early modern discourses on animals in science, literature and the visual arts. The volume is of interest for all students of the history of science and intellectual life, of literature and art history of the early modern period.
Contributors include Rebecca Parker Brienen, Paulette Choné, Sarah Cohen, Pia Cuneo, Louise Hill Curth, Florike Egmond, Karl A.E. Enenkel, Susanne Hehenberger, Annemarie Jordan-Gschwendt, Erik Jorink, Johan Koppenol, Almudena Perez de Tudela, Vibeke Roggen, Franziska Schnoor, Paul J. Smith, Thea Vignau-Wilberg, and Suzanne J. Walker.
Karl A.E. Enenkel is Professor of Neo-Latin Literature at Leiden University and teaches classical Latin and Neo-Latin in the Department of Classics. He has published extensively on international Humanism and on the reception of Classical Antiquity and is the general editor of Intersections. Yearbook for Early Modern Studies.
Paul J. Smith is Professor of French Literature at Leiden University. His research focuses on 16th-, 17th - and 20th-century French literature, its reception in the Netherlands, French and Dutch fable and emblem books and literary rhetoric. He is member of the editorial board of Intersections, Montaigne Studies and Neophilologus.
List of Illustrations
Notes on the Editors of this Volume
List of Contributors
1. Introduction: Early Modern Zoology. The Construction of Animals in Science, Literature and the Visual Arts, Karl A. E. Enenkel & Paul J. Smith
ZOOLOGY: THE CONSTRUCTION OF AN EARLY MODERN SCIENCE
2. Zur Konstituierung der Zoologie als Wissenschaft in der Frühen Neuzeit: Diskursanalyse zweier Großprojekte (Wotton, Gesner), Karl A. E. Enenkel
3. On Toucans and Hornbills. Readings in Early Modern Ornithology from Belon to Buffon, Paul J. Smith
4. Biology and Theology in Franzius’s Historia animalium sacra (1612), Vibeke Roggen
5. Between Emblematics and the ‘Argument from Design’: The Representation of Insects in the Dutch Republic, Eric Jorink
6. Shell Collecting. On 17th Century Conchology, Curiosity Cabinets and Still Life Painting, Karin Leonhard
THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE ANIMAL IN ZOOLOGICAL ILLUSTRATIONS
7. In minimis maxime conspicua. Insektendarstellungen um 1600 und die Anfänge der Entomologie, Thea Vignau-Wilberg
8. Curious Fish: Connections between some Sixteenth-Century Watercolours and Prints, Florike Egmond
9. From Brazil to Europe: the Zoological Drawings of Albert Eckhout and Georg Marcgraf, Rebecca Parker Brienen
THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE ANIMAL IN ITS EARLY MODERN USE AND ABUSE
10. Making and Breaking the Stag: The Construction of the Animal in the Early Modern Hunting Treatise, Suzanne Jablonski Walker
11. (Un)Stable Identities: Hippology and the Professionalization of Scholarship and Horsemanship in Early Modern Germany, Pia Cuneo
12. ‘A Remedy for his Beast’: Popular Veterinary Texts in Early Modern England, Louise Hill Curth
13. Dehumanised Sinners and their Instruments of Sin: Men and Animals in Early Modern Bestiality Cases, Austria 1500-1800, Susanne Hehenberger
14. Renaissance Menageries. Exotic Animals and Pets at the Habsburg Courts in Iberia and Central Europe, Annemarie Jordan-Gschwend & Almudena Pérez de Tudela
THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE ANIMAL IN LITERATURE AND IN THE VISUAL ARTS
15. Noah’s Ark Disembarked in Holland: Animals in Dutch Poetry, 1500-1700, Johan Koppenol
16. Octopuses, Foxes and Hares: Animals in Early Modern Latin and German Proverbs, Franziska Schnoor
17. A Zoological Emblem Book: Willem Van der Borcht’s Sedige Sinn-belden (1642), Vincent Buyens
18. Faire le beau pour faire la paix. Considérations sur les bêtes dressées de Joseph Boillot (1592), Paulette Choné
19. Life and Death in the Northern European Game Piece, Sarah Cohen
The volume is of interest for all students of the history of science and intellectual life, of literature and art history of the Early Modern Period.