The four companion volumes of Nature and Scripture in the Abrahamic Religions contribute to a contextual evaluation of the mutual influences between scriptural exegesis and hermeneutics on the one hand and practices or techniques of interpretation in natural philosophy and the natural sciences on the other. We seek to raise the low profile this theme has had both in the history of science and in the history of biblical interpretation. Furthermore, questions about the interpretation of scripture continue to be provoked by current theological reflection on scientific theories. We also seek to provide a historical context for renewed reflection on the role of the hermeneutics of scripture in the development of theological doctrines that interact with the natural sciences.
Contributors are J. Matthew Ashley, Robert E. Brown, Elizabeth Chmielewski, Edward B. Davis, Henri Wijnandus de Knijff, Marwa Elshakry, Richard England, Menachem Fisch, George Harinck, Bernhard Kleeberg, Scott Mandelbrote, G. Blair Nelson, Alexei V. Nesteruk, Jitse M. van der Meer, Rob P. W. Visser, and William Yarchin.
Jitse M. van der Meer, Ph.D. (1978) University of Nijmegen, is Professor of Biology and History and Philosophy of Science at Redeemer University College (Ontario, Canada). Among his recent publications is J.H. Brooke, M.J. Osler & J.M. van der Meer (eds.), Science in Theistic Contexts: Cognitive Dimensions (University of Chicago Press, 2001).
Scott Mandelbrote is Official Fellow and Director of Studies in History, Peterhouse, Cambridge University. He recently published Footprints of the Lion: Isaac Newton at Work (Cambridge University Library, 2001).
Notes on Contributors
List of Illustrations
1. Biblical Hermeneutics and the Sciences, 1700-1900: An Overview, Scott Mandelbrote
PART V. 1700–1900
2. Biblical Interpretation in the Light of the Interpretation of Nature, 1650-1900, William Yarchin 3. Jonathan Edwards and the Discourses of Nature, Robert E. Brown 4. Georges Cuvier and the Use of Scripture in Geology, Jitse M. van der Meer 5. Ethnology and the “Two Books:” Some Nineteenth-Century Americans on Preadamist Polygenism, G. Blair Nelson
PART VI. 1860–1900: SCRIPTURE AND BIOLOGICAL EVOLUTION
6. Interpreting Scripture, Assimilating Science: Four British and American Christian Evolutionists on the Relationship between Science, the Bible, and Doctrine, Richard England 7. Scriptural Facts and Scientific Theories: Epistemological Concerns of Three Leading English Speaking Anti-Darwinians (Pusey, Hodge & Dawson), Richard England 8. The Will to Meaning: Protestant Reactions to Darwinism in Nineteenth-Century Germany, Bernard Kleeberg 9. Dutch Calvinists and Darwinism, 1900-1960, Rob P. W. Visser 10. Twin Sisters with a Changing Character: How Neo-Calvinists Dealt with the Modern Discrepancy between Bible and Natural Sciences, George Harinck 11. The Problem of Faith and Scientific Knowledge in Russian Religious Thought of the Nineteenth–Twentieth Centuries, Alexei V. Nesteruk
PART VII. 1900–PRESENT
12. Original Sin, Biblical Hermeneutics, and the Science of Evolution, J. Matthew Ashley 13. Galileo and the Garden of Eden: Historical Reflections on Creationist Hermeneutics, Edward B. Davis & Elizabeth Chmielewski 14. A Post-World War II Response to Karl Barth and Rudolph Bultmann: Biblical Hermeneutics and Modern Science in the ‘Dutch Reformed Church’ in the Twentieth Century, Henri W. de Knijff 15. The Exegesis of Science in Twentieth-Century Arabic Interpretations of the Qur’an, Marwa Elshakry 16. Judaism and the Religious Crisis of Modern Science, Menachem Fisch
All those interested in the history of the following disciplines: natural philosophy, religion, exegesis, hermeneutics, theology, linguistics, astronomy, physical science, earth sciences, and the life sciences. Professionals (historians, historians of science, historians of religion, historians of interpretation, theologians, scientists, historians of language), students and educated lay-persons.