Protecting Children in the Digital Era

The Use of Alternative Regulatory Instruments


From the mid-1990s onwards concerns regarding the exposure of children to harmful content in the increasingly digital media environment intensified. Soon thereafter policy makers across Europe realised that alternative regulatory instruments, such as self- and co-regulation, might be more appropriate than traditional legislation to address this matter of public interest. Taking the complex and delicate nature of protecting minors into account, this book provides an in-depth legal analysis of the alternative regulatory instruments that can be used to regulate content in the digital era, with particular attention to the protection of fundamental rights, such as freedom of expression, privacy and procedural guarantees, internal market regulation, competition rules, and implementation requirements.

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Eva Lievens, Ph.D. (2009) in Law, K.U.Leuven, is a postdoctoral researcher at the Interdisciplinary Centre for Law & ICT (K.U.Leuven). She regularly publishes on the legal aspects and impact of new communication phenomena.
Excerpt of the table of contents:
Preface; Acknowledgements; Abbreviations;
I. Introduction
1.Background; 2.Delineation; 3.Structure
II. Part 1
Chapter 1. Setting: Notions, issues & policy history
1.1. Clarification of the constitutive elements
1.2. Protecting minors against harmful digital media content: identifying the regulatory challenges
1.3. Conclusion
Chapter 2. Alternative regulatory instruments
2.1. “Regulation”
2.2. “Alternative regulation” in policy documents
2.3. Overview and analysis of different alternative regulatory instruments
2.4. Conclusion
III. Part 2
Chapter 1. Legal Framework (‘de lege lata’)
1.1. Introduction
1.2. Human Rights – Children’s rights
1.3. Human Rights: freedom of expression, privacy and procedural guarantees
1.4. Content regulation
1.5. Internal market and competition
1.6. General EU legislative principles and requirements
1.7. Conclusion
Chapter 2. Using ARIs to protect minors from harmful content: compliance with the legal framework
2.1. Introduction
2.2. Evaluation of different alternative regulatory instruments: compliance with the legal framework
2.3. Conclusion: ARIs and their compatibility with the European legal framework
IV: Concluding remarks and recommendations for the future
1. Retrospective of the research undertaken
2. Conclusions
3. Recommendations and indications for future research
All policy makers, regulators, academics, lawyers, media companies, and interest groups who are active in the media sector and interested in content regulation, protection of minors and alternative regulatory instruments.
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