The Yearbook of Polar Law Volume 2, 2010


The Yearbook of Polar Law, based at the Faculty of Social Sciences and Law at the University of Akureyri in Iceland, covers a wide variety of topics relating to the Arctic and the Antarctic. These include:
- human rights issues, such as autonomy and self-government vs. self-determination, the rights of indigenous peoples to land and natural resources and cultural rights and cultural heritage, indigenous traditional knowledge,
- local and national governance issues,
- environmental law, climate change, security and environment implications of climate change, protected areas and species,
- regulatory, governance and management agreements and arrangements for marine environments, marine mammals, fisheries conservation and other biological/mineral/oil resources,
- law of the sea, the retreating sea ice, continental shelf claims,
- territorial claims and border disputes on both land and at sea,
- peace and security, dispute settlement,
- jurisdictional and other issues re the exploration, exploitation and shipping of oil, gas and minerals, bio prospecting,
- trade law, potential shipping lines through the northwest and northeast passages, maritime law and transportation law, and
- the roles and actual involvement of international organizations in the Polar regions, such as the Arctic Council, the Antarctic Treaty System, the European Union, the International Whaling Commission, the Nordic Council, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, and the United Nations, as well as NGOs.

As in the previous volume, much of the material in this volume is based on the presentations made at the Akureyri Symposia on Polar Law; the Second Symposium was held in September 2009. Yet, there are also new elements in this Yearbook. The Yearbook now carries relevant book reviews, and a new section will attempt to keep up with recent developments rapidly unfolding in the Polar Regions.

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"This reviewer has truly enjoyed this book and the narrative that spins through most articles: innovative and inclusive governance benefits both polar regions as regards security, stability and sustainability. (...) This book is a remarkable contribution to embedding the polar regions into a discourse of rule of law and good governance."
Nikolas Sellheim, Faculty of Law, University of Lapland, Polar Record, Cambridge University Press 2013.
Introduction Gudmundur Alfredsson and Timo Koivurova;
The North: A New Academic Frontier An Opening Address by the President of Iceland ; Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson at the Second Akureyri Polar Law Symposium, University of Akureyri 10 September 2009;
The Arctic – Navigational Issues under International Law of the Sea R. Douglas Brubaker;
Governing Arctic Shipping: Finding a Role for the Arctic Council Timo Koivurova;
International Governance in the Arctic: The Law of the Sea Convention with Special Focus on Offshore Oil and Gas Kamrul Hossain;
Nationalizing the Arctic Maritime Commons: UNCLOS Article 76 and the Polar Sea Ron Macnab;
The Increasing Complexity of Global and Regional Governance: New Context for Polar Law Louis W. Pauly;
Potential Roles of NATO and the EU in High Northern Security Alyson JK Bailes;
Resource Frontier or Extractive Periphery?: The Political Ecology of Oil and Gas in the North Mark Nuttall;
The Southern and Arctic Oceans: Polar Opposites in Many Respects Ron Macnab;
Indigenous Whaling, Protection of the Environment, Intergenerational Rights and Environmental Ethics Malgosia Fitzmaurice;
Cooperation in the Barents Euro-Arctic Region in the Light of International Law Md. Waliul Hasanat;
Recent Developments in Polar Law;
Honorary Doctor Gudmundur Alfredsson;
Arctic Dimensions in Law - Current Research and Education at the Faculty of Law, the University of Tromsø Christina Allard, Tore Henriksen, and Øyvind Ravna ;
Polar Law Textbook Natalia Loukacheva;
Northern Research Forum –Thematic Group on Legal Issues in the Arctic Natalia Loukacheva;
Book Reviews:
Robin Warner, 2009. Protecting the Oceans beyond National Jurisdiction: Strengthening the International Law Framework. By Neil Craik.
Christina Voigt, 2009, Sustainable Development as a Principle of International Law: Resolving Conflicts between Climate Measures and WTO Law. By Meinhard Doelle.
Eds., Aldo Chircop, Ted L. McDorman, and Susan J. Rolston. 2009. The Future of Ocean Regime-Building: Essays in Tribute to Douglas M. Johnston. By Erik Franckx.
Eds. Jessica M. Shadian and Monica Tennberg, 2009. Legacies and Change in Polar Sciences: Historical, Legal and Political Reflections on the International Polar Year. By David Leary.
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