How does a discourse of ‘valuing others’ help to make a group a group? The fifth in a series exploring ‘ancient values’, this book investigates what value terms and evaluative concepts were used in Greece and Rome to articulate the idea that people ‘belong together’, as a family, a group, a polis, a community, or just as fellow human beings.
Human communities thrive on prosocial behavior. In eighteen chapters, ranging from Greek tragedy to the Roman gladiators and from house architecture to the concept of friendship, this book demonstrates how such behavior is anchored and promoted by culturally specific expressions of evaluative discourse.
Valuing others in classical antiquity should be of interest to linguists, literary scholars, historians, and philosophers alike.
Ralph M. Rosen, Ph.D. (1983) in Classical Philology, Harvard University, is the Rose Family Endowed Term Professor of Classical Studies at the University of Pennsylvania. His most recent book is Making Mockery. The Poetics of Ancient Satire (Oxford 2007).
Ineke Sluiter, Ph.D. (1990) in Classics, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, is Professor of Greek at Leiden University. Her most recent book is (with Rita Copeland) Medieval Grammar and Rhetoric. Language Arts and Literary Theory, AD 350-1475 (Oxford 2009).
Contributors: Tazuko van Berkel, John Bintliff, Sarah Bolmarcich, Gerard J. Boter, Matthew R. Christ, Kathleen M. Coleman, Cynthia Damon, Nick Fisher, Judith P. Hallett, Albert Joosse, David Konstan, Aislinn Melchior, Josiah Ober, Irene Polinskaya, Ivo Volt, Robert W. Wallace, Eveline van 't Wout
List of contributors
Chapter 1 General introduction, Ralph Rosen and Ineke Sluiter Chapter 2 Classical Greek urbanism: a social Darwinian view, John Bintliff Chapter 3 Shared sanctuaries and the gods of others: on the meaning of ‘common’ in Herodotus 8.144, Irene Polinskaya Chapter 4 Kharis, Kharites, festivals, and social peace in the Classical Greek City, Nick Fisher Chapter 5 Communal values in ancient diplomacy, Sarah Bolmarcich Chapter 6 Tecmessa’s legacy: valuing outsiders in Athens’ democracy, Robert W. Wallace Chapter 7 The instrumental value of others and institutional change: an Athenian case study, Josiah Ober Chapter 8 Visibility and social evaluation in Athenian litigation, Eveline van ’t Wout Chapter 9 Helping and community in the Athenian lawcourts, Matthew R. Christ Chapter 10 Are fellow citizens friends? Aristotle versus Cicero on philia, amicitia, and social solidarity, David Konstan Chapter 11 Pricing the invaluable: Socrates and the value of friendship, Tazuko van Berkel Chapter 12 On belonging in Plato’s Lysis, Albert Joosse Chapter 13 Not valuing others: reflections of social cohesion in the Characters of Theophrastus, Ivo Volt Chapter 14 Evaluating others and evaluating oneself in Epictetus’ Discourses, Gerard J. Boter Chapter 15 Human connections and paternal evocations: two elite Roman women writers and the valuing of others, Judith P. Hallett Chapter 16 Quid tibi ego videor in epistulis? Cicero’s verecundia, Cynthia Damon Chapter 17 Citizen as enemy in Sallust’s Bellum Catilinae, Aislinn Melchior Chapter 18 Valuing others in the gladiatorial barracks, Kathleen M. Coleman
Index of Greek terms
Index of Latin terms
All those interested in social and intellectual history, and public discourse, as well as all those interested in Greco-Roman Antiquity.