Chiang’s two classic works were first published as a combined volume in English in 1947 (the original Chinese version of China’s Destiny – by far the larger work – first appeared in 1943 selling over a million copies), examine the challenges facing the modernization (and new economic foundation) of China – from the humiliation of the unequal treaties, through to the struggles of the first half of the twentieth century, including the problem of ‘establishing a philosophy of revolution and reconstruction’. The volume is annotated and introduced by Philip Jaffe with an extensive essay entitled ‘The Secrets of China’s Destiny’ where he sets out the history and writing of the two books, arguing that ‘…what happens to China is of vital importance to world peace and prosperity, but it is not so easy to evaluate the conflicting forces and contradictory trends in present-day China.' Jaffe was an apologist for Chiang Kai-shek’s Kuomintang China and was prosecuted (unsuccessfully) on espionage and subversion charges in 1945 as editor of the pro-Communist magazine Amerasia.
Chiang Kai-shek (1887–1975) was a political and military leader of twentieth-century China, becoming head of the Nationalist Party, the Kuomintang (KMT) in 1925. In 1926, Chiang led the Northern Expedition to unify the country. He served as Chairman of the National Military Council of the Nationalist government of the Republic of China (ROC) from 1928 to 1948. In 1946, after American-sponsored attempts to negotiate a coalition government between the Communist Party of China (CPC) and the Nationalists failed, the Chinese Civil War resumed. The CPC defeated the Nationalists in 1949, forcing Chiang's government to retreat to Taiwan, where Chiang ruled the island as the self-appointed President of the Republic of China and Director-General of the Kuomintang until his death in 1975.
The Secret of China's Destiny; I Growth and development of the Chinese Nation; II The Origins of national Humiliation and Sources of the Revolution; III The Deepening Effects of the Unequal Treaties; IV From the Northern Expedition to the War of Resistance; V Contents of the New Equal Treaties and the Essentials of the Future Work of National Reconstruction; VI Fundamental problems of Revolutionary National Reconstruction; VII The Artery of China's Revolutionary Reconstruction and the Critical Questions Determining Her Destiny; Chinese Economic Theory; Guide to the Pronunciation of Chinese Names; Chronology of Chinese Dynasties; Index