Crossing Boundaries at Medieval Universities


At medieval universities, boundaries often served to reinforce divisions among competing groups and methods. Yet the crossing of these boundaries could also provide the basis for fruitful exchanges. The essays in this volume, contributed by specialists from Europe and North America in the study of medieval history, philosophy, theology, medicine and law, explore various ways in which boundaries between disciplines, faculties and between town and gown were both created and crossed at this new institutional form. Originally presented at the 2008 conference held in Madison, Wisconsin, they demonstrate in particular the richness and vitality of intellectual life at European universities both before and after the mid-thirteenth century.
Contributors are David Luscombe, Marcia L. Colish, Chris Schabel, Maarten J.F.M. Hoenen, Kent Emery, Jr., John E. Murdoch, Michael R. McVaugh, Danielle Jacquart, Kenneth Pennington, Karl Shoemaker, Robert E. Lerner, and Jürgen Miethke.

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Spencer E. Young, Ph.D. (2009) in History, University of Wisconsin-Madison, is currently a Post-Doctoral Mellon Fellow at the Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies. He has published articles on medieval universities and intellectual history in History of Universities and Bulletin de philosophie médiévale.
Abbreviations ... vii
Introduction ...1
Spencer E. Young

I. Philosophical and Theological Boundaries
Crossing Philosophical Boundaries c. 1150–c. 1250 ...9
David Luscombe
Scholastic Theology at Paris around 1200 ... 29
Marcia L. Colish
Reshaping the Genre: Literary Trends in Philosophical Theology in the Fourteenth Century ... 51
Chris Schabel
Nominalism in Cologne: Th e Student Notebook of the Dominican Servatius Fanckel with an edition of a disputatio vacantialis held on July 14, 1480 “Utrum in deo uno simplicissimo sit trium personarum realis distinctio” ... 85
Maarten J.F.M. Hoenen
Cognitive Th eory and the Relation between the Scholastic and Mystical Modes of Th eology: Why Denys the Carthusian Outlawed Durandus of Saint-Pourçain ... 145
Kent Emery, Jr.

II. Crossing Disciplinary Boundaries
A Skewed View: Th e Achievement of Late Medieval Science and Philosophy as seen from the Renaissance ... 177
John E. Murdoch
Medicine and Arts in Th irteenth-Century Paris ... 189
Michael R. McVaugh
Medicine and Theology ... 213
Danielle Jacquart
Lex naturalis and Ius naturale ...227
Kenneth Pennington
When the Devil Went to Law School: Canon Law and Theology in the Fourteenth Century ... 255
Karl Shoemaker
Antichrist Goes to the University: Th e De victoria Christi contra Antichristum of Hugo de Novocastro, OFM (1315/1319) ... 277
Robert E. Lerner

III. Town and Gown
The University of Heidelberg and the Jews: Founding and Financing the Needs of a New University ... 317
Jürgen Miethke

List of Contributors ... 341
Index Nominum ... 343
Index Locorum ... 350
All those interested in intellectual history, the history of education, and the disciplines of philosophy, theology, law, and medicine during the Middle Ages.