While in the days of the Cold War models of citizenship were relatively clear-cut around the contrasting projects of reform and revolution, in the last three decades Latin America has become a laboratory for comparative research. The region has witnessed both a renewal of electoral democracy and the diversification of experiments in citizen representation and participation. The implementation of neo-liberal policies has led to countervailing transformations in democratic citizenship and to the rise of populist leaderships, while the crisis of representation has been accompanied by new forms of participation, generating profound transformations. The authors analyze these recent trends, reflected in new forms of populism, inclusion and exclusion, participation and alternative models of democracy, social insecurity and violence, diasporas and transnationalism, the politics of justice and the politics of identity and multiculturalism.
Mario Sznajder is Leon Blum Professor of Political Science at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, and senior fellow of the Truman Research Institute for the Advancement of Peace in Jerusalem. He has published extensively on Fascism, democratization, human rights and politics. He is coauthor of, among others, Naissance de l’idéologie fasciste (1989), Constructing Collective Identities and Shaping Public Spheres (1998) and The Politics of Exile in Latin America (with Luis Roniger, 2009).
Luis Roniger is Reynolds Professor of Latin American Studies at the Department of Politics and International Affairs of Wake Forest University. A comparative political sociologist, he has published among others Patrons, Clients and Friends (with SN Eisenstadt, 1984), The Legacy of Human-Rights Violations in the Southern Cone (with Mario Sznajder, 1999), and Globality and Multiple Modernities (with Carlos H. Waisman, 2002) and Transnational Politics in Central America (University of Florida Press, 2011).
Carlos A. Forment, Ph.D (1991) in Sociology, Harvard University, is Associate Professor in the Department of Sociology and Politics at the New School for Social Research. He has published Democracy in Latin America: Volume I, Civic Selfhood and Public Life in Mexico and Peru (University of Chicago, 2003), and The Making of Public Culture in Nineteenth Century Latin America (University of Chicago, forthcoming).
List of Contributors
List of Tables and Figures
Shifting Frontiers of Citizenship: The Latin American Experience, Luis Roniger and Mario Sznajder
PART I: SHIFTING CITIZENSHIP IN LATIN AMERICA – COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVES
1. Alternative Models of Democracy in Latin America, Laurence Whitehead
2. Latin America and the Problem of Multiple Modernities, Shmuel N. Eisenstadt
3. Four Models of Citizenship: From Authoritarianism to the Consumer Citizenship, Bryan S. Turner
4. Democracy, Freedom and Domination: A Theoretical Discussion with Special Reference to Brazil via India, José Maurício Domingues
PART II:CITIZENSHIP AND THE POLITICS OF IDENTITY
5. Identity, Social justice and Corporatism: The Resilience of Republican Citizenship, David Lehmann
6. The Perils of Constituent Power and Multicultural Citizenship in Bolivia, Robert Albro
7. Political Citizenship and Gender, Gisela Zaremberg
8. Argentina’s Recuperated Factory Movement and Citizenship: An Arendtian Perspective, Carlos A. Forment
PART III: POPULAR PARTICIPATION AND CITIZENSHIP
9. The Crisis of Political Representation and the Emergence of New Forms of Political Participation in Latin America, Leonardo Avritzer
10. Popular Impeachments: Ecuador in Comparative Perspective, Leon Zamosc
11. Electoral Revolutions, Populism and Citizenship in Latin America, Carlos de la Torre
12. From Juan Perón to Hugo Chávez and Back: Populism Reconsidered , Raanan Rein
PART IV: TRANSNATIONAL TRENDS AND CITIZENSHIP
13. States and Transnationalism: The Janus-Face of Citizenship in Central America, Luis Roniger
14. Being National, Being Transnational: Snapshots of Belonging and Citizenship, Judit Bokser Liwerant
15. Exiled Citizens: Chilean Political Leaders in Italy, Maria Rosaria Stabili
16. The Latin American Diasporas: New Collective Identities and Citizenship Practices, Leonardo Senkman
PART V: MARKET SOCIETIES AND INSTITUTIONAL FAILURES
17. Citizenship and the Contradictions of Free Market Policies in Chile and Latin America, Mario Sznajder
18. Institutions and Citizenship: Reflections on the Illicit, Deborah Yashar
19. National Insecurity and the Citizenship Gap in Latin America, Alison Brysk
20. When Everything Seems to Change, Why Do We Still Call it ‘Citizenship’?, Phil Oxhorn
Scholars and graduate students who study contemporary Latin America as well as comparativists who are interested in issues of democratic citizenship in the contemporary world.