The Dutch Political Conflict with the Republic of Indonesia, 1945-1949. Part 1. Documents from the Secret Archives of the General Secretariat of the Netherlands Indies Government and the Cabinet of the Governor General
The Dutch Political Conflict with the Republic of Indonesia, 1945-1949 Part 1. Documents from the Secret Archives of the General Secretariat of the Netherlands Indies Government and the Cabinet of the Governor General
Introduction The end of the Second World War in August 1945 sounded the death knell of Dutch colonialism in Indonesia. The proclamation of the Republic of Indonesia by Sukarno and Hatta on 17 August 1945 ushered in a confusing and complicated period of anticolonial struggle, civil war, military action by the Dutch and negotiations between the parties that ultimately led to the transfer of sovereignty to the Republic on 27 December 1949.
New series This collection forms the first part in a new series of micro-publications on the end of Dutch colonialism in Asia being planned and carried out in cooperation with the National Archives in The Hague. It can be regarded as the continuation of the now dormant series "War and Decolonization" by MMF Publications, with which it does not overlap. The five parts of that series are also available from Moran Micropublications.
Focus The new series has as theme "the Dutch political conflict with the Republic of Indonesia" not only in the pivotal years 1945-1949, but also extending into the early 1960s in order to cover the process of decolonization of Netherlands New Guinea, over which the Dutch had refused to transfer sovereignty at the end of 1949. It will also reach back into the 1930s and the years of war and occupation (1942-1945) to provide the necessary background to the crisis that ensued on 17 August 1945.
Part 1: Secret Archive In consultation with archivists at the National Archives the first documents chosen for micropublication are from the Secret Archive of the General Secretariat of the Netherlands Indies Government and the Cabinet of the Governor-General (in Dutch: Geheim archief van de Algemene Secretarie en van het kabinet van de gouverneur-generaal).
The General Secretariat The General Secretariat was the administrative apparatus that assisted the Governor-general in his task from 1816 until its dissolution in 1950. Its archives, formed in Indonesia, contain a virtually complete account of the
political activities and statecraft of the Netherlands Indies Government. The secret archives of the Algemene Secretarie were brought to the Netherlands after Indonesian independence and are now in the National Archives. The public part of its archive was transferred to the Republic of Indonesia and is housed in the Arsip Nasional in Jakarta.
Documents The documents reproduced in the present collection concern the "Political conflict with the Republic of Indonesia" from the end of the Second World War until the transfer of sovereignty at the end of 1949. They trace the development of events in great detail and allow the study of this conflict in all its aspects. The documents include many secret intelligence reports, captured Republican papers, political memoranda and many others.
Inventory The collection has been completely inventoried by archivists of the National Archives and is now available from Moran Micropublications. The inventory is available for consultation free of charge from Moran and is also posted on our website (see right column).
Contents of the archive 1. Parties and groups involved in the conflict REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA General Leaders and key figures Administrative affairs Economic affairs • General • Finance and currency • Foreign trade of the republic • Contraband • Republican aviation Foreign relations of the Republic • General • Individual countries Republican press and propaganda Military affairs • Organization of the army • Personnel • Materiel • Military actions and operations Political organizations and militant groups • General • Java • Sumatra • Outer Islands (Grote Oost) COMMUNIST MOVEMENTS ISLAMIC AND ARABIC GROUPS THE CHINESE POPULATION THE INDO-EUROPEAN POPULATION OTHERS 2. Development of the conflict up to the First Police Action TRUCE NEGOTIATIONS THE LINGGARDJATI AGREEMENT TRUCE VIOLATIONS 3. Development of the conflict up to the Second Police Action FIRST POLICE ACTION CONSULAR COMMITTEE COMMITTEE OF GOOD OFFICES RENVILLE TRUCE AGREEMENT EXECUTION OF THE AGREEMENT TRUCE VIOLATIONS 4. Development of the conflict up to the Transfer of Sovereignty SECOND POLICE ACTION UNITED NATIONS COMMISSION FOR INDONESIA VAN ROIJEN-RUM AGREEMENT AND PRELIMINARY DISCUSSIONS CEASE-FIRE AGREEMENT WITH THE REPUBLIC RETURN OF THE REPUBLIC EVACUATION OF TERRITORIES ROUND TABLE CONFERENCE • General • Delegations • Discussions and reports TRANSFER OF SOVEREIGNTY