Adam, Satan, and the King of Tyre

The Interpretation of Ezekiel 28:11-19 in Late Antiquity


The oracle against the King of Tyre, found in Ezekiel 28.12-19, is a difficult text that inspired diverse interpretations in Late Antiquity. For example, according to one rabbinic tradition the text spoke of the first man, Adam, while the Church Fathers found in the same text a description of the fall of Satan. This book studies the rabbinic sources, patristic literature, the Targum, and the ancient translations, and seeks to understand the reasons for the diverse interpretation, the interaction between the exegetical traditions and the communities of interpreters, in particular between Jews and Christians, and the effect the specific form and wording of the text had on the formation and development of each interpretation.

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Hector M. Patmore, Ph.D. (2008) in Theology, University of Durham, is a post doctoral researcher at the Protestant Theological University of the Netherlands. He is currently a Visiting Research Fellow at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, and an Honorary Research Fellow of the Council for British Research in the Levant.
"The reviewer is absolutely totally impressed with both the argument of Patmore's volume and its explication and presentation. It is exceedingly well done and it will be of interest not only to those whose primary field is exegesis but to those who are engaged in reception history studies and text critical studies. Patmore's work is a model for future examinations of the history of the text and various manifestations and interpretative aims. He has set the bar quite high." – Jim West, in: Zwinglius Redivivus 2012
Those interested in the interpretation of the Hebrew Bible in Late Antiquity, in the text of the book of Ezekiel, and the interaction between Jews and Christians in the formative period of both traditions.
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