African Engagements

Africa Negotiating an Emerging Multipolar World

Series:

With the end of the Cold War, the world seemed to move from a bipolar to a unipolar system, with the neoliberal West globally imposing its laws. However, it has been acknowledged that other actors, such as China, India and Brazil, have become increasingly influential, helping to lead to a new multipolarity at the global level. The question of what this emerging multipolarity means for Africa is important. Will Africa become crushed in a mounting struggle over raw materials and political hegemony between superpowers and fall victim to a new scramble for Africa? Or does this new historic conjuncture offer African countries and groups greater room for negotiation and manoeuvring, eventually leading to stronger democracy and enhanced growth? The chapters in this volume offer food for thought on how Africa’s engagements with the world are currently being reshaped and revalued, and, importantly—on whose terms?
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Biographical Note

Ton Dietz is Director of the African Studies Centre and Professor of African Development at Leiden University and Professor of Human Geography at the University of Amsterdam. He recently published Silverlining Africa, his inaugural lecture at Leiden University (2011).

Kjell Havnevik is Senior Researcher at the Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala, and Professor at the University of Agder, Norway. His most recent book is Biofuels, Land Grabbing and Food Security in Africa, edited with Prosper Matondi and Atakilte Beyene (Zed Books 2011).

Mayke Kaag is Researcher at the African Studies Centre in Leiden and Assistant Professor of International Development Studies at Utrecht University. Her research focuses on African transnational relations, including engagements with the diaspora and transnational Islamic NGOs.

Terje Oestigaard is Researcher at the Nordic Africa Institute, Uppsala, Sweden. His particular research interests are water studies in the past and present and the archaeology of religion.

Review Quotes

'The concerns in question, which synergize quite smoothly, focus on emergent socio-economic and political trends in Africa, the impact of rising global powers on these trends, and the role of African agency in all of this. The pointed focus on African agency within the ambit of a multipolar world carves a special attention niche for this work. As the editors aver in their introduction, ‘by taking multipolarity as the central focus and by highlighting the agency of Africa in co-shaping the new global world order, while also adopting a historically sensitive
approach, this book serves to document and analyse new developments’ (p. 6). They may claim a success that other works on this subject (a virtual industry given the topicality of the issues) have generally failed to pull off. The literature in recent times on Africa/China-India-Brazil relations has tended to cast Africa, in a very unsophisticated manner, as a puerile, languid, and bat-blind geopolitical and economic entity, both unwilling and incapable of protecting and pursuing her interests. This book contests such a view trenchantly and underscores the varying
ways in which Africa’s peoples in business, civil society, and government are navigating the new architecture of global power relations on and outside the African continent..........A must-read, certainly'.

Lloyd Amoah, Ashesi University, in 'African Affairs', July 2012

Table of contents

CONTENTS

Figures, Tables and Maps …….……….…………………………… viii

1. African engagements: On whose terms? Africa negotiating an emerging multipolar world ……….. 1
Ton Dietz, Kjell Havnevik, Mayke Kaag & Terje Oestigaard

PART I
NEW TRENDS AND TENDENCIES IN AFRICA
2. Trends in transnational political engagement in Africa: The promises of NEPAD … 35
Samuel Teshale Derbe
3. Political topographies of private security in Sub-Saharan Africa … 56
Peer Schouten
4. The neoliberalisation of nature in Africa …….…….……….. 84
Bram Büscher
5. Foreign land acquisitions in Madagascar: Competing jurisdictions of access claims .... 110
Sandra Evers, Perrine Burnod, Andrianirina Ratsialonana Rivo & André Teyssier
6. Mobilising Brazil as ‘significant other’ in the fight for HIV/Aids treatment in South Africa: The Treatment
Action Campaign (TAC) and its global allies .………….… 133
Wiebe Nauta
7. Beyond negotiating a multipolar world: Sudan’s non-Western development cooperation alternative .. 163
Mohamed Salih

PART II
FRAMING MULTIPOLARITY
8. How does the Chinese involvement in the African continent affect African sovereignty in the context
of the changing nature of power? ………….………….……… 185
Sanne van der Lugt
9. China into Africa: Conflict or the triumph of Western order? ..……..…………. 204
Gorm Rye Olsen
10. Railway time: Technology transfer and the role of Chinese experts in the history of TAZARA .….… 226
Liu Haifang & Jamie Monson
11. China-Africa relations: The relevance of strategic engagement of African civil society organisations
with China..... 252
Antony Otieno Ong’ayo
12. New topographies of power? Africa negotiating an emerging multipolar world …….. 280
Simona Vittorini & David Harris
13. The Obama administration’s engagements in Africa within historical context: Great expectations versus
daunting challenges ..……….. 300
Peter J. Schraeder

PART III
NEW SPACE FOR AFRICAN ENGAGEMENTS?
14. Public policy formation in Africa in the wake of the global financial meltdown: Building blocks for a New Mind in a multipolar world …..……….……..….. 327
Lloyd G.A. Amoah
15. Aligning and harnessing the gains of globalisation to an African advantage: Towards ‘glo-fricanisation’ .… 346
Lawrence Ogbo Ugwuanyi
16. Africa in the world: A historical view ..….…………….……. 364
Stephen Ellis

List of contributors ……………….……….………………………….. 377
Index ………………………………….……….………………………….. 385

Readership

All those interested in Africa's role and position in current global dynamics, and in African recent history; as well as those with a more particular interest in natural resource issues, politics, ideology, and development in Africa.

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