The Yearbook of Polar Law Volume 3, 2011


The Yearbook of Polar Law, based at the Faculty of Social Sciences and Law at the University of Akureyri in Iceland, covers a wide variety of topics relating to the Arctic and the Antarctic. These include:
- human rights issues, such as autonomy and self-government vs. self-determination, the rights of indigenous peoples to land and natural resources and cultural rights and cultural heritage, indigenous traditional knowledge,
- local and national governance issues,
- environmental law, climate change, security and environment implications of climate change, protected areas and species,
- regulatory, governance and management agreements and arrangements for marine environments, marine mammals, fisheries conservation and other biological/mineral/oil resources,
- law of the sea, the retreating sea ice, continental shelf claims,
- territorial claims and border disputes on both land and at sea,
- peace and security, dispute settlement,
- jurisdictional and other issues re the exploration, exploitation and shipping of oil, gas and minerals, bio prospecting,
- trade law, potential shipping lines through the northwest and northeast passages, maritime law and transportation law, and
- the roles and actual involvement of international organizations in the Polar regions, such as the Arctic Council, the Antarctic Treaty System, the European Union, the International Whaling Commission, the Nordic Council, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, and the United Nations, as well as NGOs.

This is the third volume of The Yearbook of Polar Law. Much of its contents is derived from the presentations made at the Third Akureyri Symposium on Polar Law that was held between 9 and 11 September 2010. The themes of the Third Symposium were human rights and good governance in the Polar Regions.

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The research that the Yearbook of Polar law presents is extraordinary. Especially for scholars of
Arctic governance, human and indigenous rights and political sciences this book is of interest.
From: Polar Record, CUP, 2013.
General Part
Introduction Gudmundur Alfredsson and Timo Koivurova; Editors’ Note: The Arctic States can do Better on Human Rights Gudmundur Alfredsson, Timo Koivurova and Kamrul Hossain; Address by Minister of Education, Iceland: Human Rights Education in Countries of the North – Cooperation Across Borders – The Arctic in the Middle of the Circle HE Katrín Jakobsdóttir; Address by the Rector of the University of Akureyri Stefán B. Sigurdsson; Address by the Dean, School of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Akureyri Sigurður Kristinsson; Address by Professor Nigel Bankes on Acceptance of an Honorary Doctoral Degree awarded by the University of Akureyri Nigel Bankes;
Case Law of the UN Human Rights Committee relevant to Members of Minorities and Peoples in the Arctic Region Jakob Th. Möller; The Protection of the Rights of Indigenous Peoples to Territory through the Property Rights Provisions of International Regional Human Rights Instruments Nigel Bankes;
Causation in Cases of Environmental Degradation: The Missing Link in Adjudicating Human Rights Boštjan M. Zupančič;
The Realization of the Right to Environment and the Right to Development in respect to the Arctic Indigenous Peoples Kamrul Hossain;
Good Governance and Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Lee Swepston;
The Status and Role of Indigenous Peoples in Arctic International Governance Timo Koivurova;
Towards an Equal Partnership between Indigenous Peoples and States: Learning from Arctic Experiences? Leena Heinämäki; Indigenous Peoples’ Participation in the context of Area Protection and Management: International Approaches versus Regional Approaches in the Arctic Antje Neumann;
The Influence of Sámi and Inuit on the Danish and Norwegian Development Cooperation with the Indigenous Peoples in the Global South: Actors and Norms Adam Stepien; Creation of Autonomous Government in Nunavik Jean-Francois Arteau; The Historical Basis of Saami Land Rights in Finland and the Application of ILO Convention No. 169 Tanja Joona and Juha Joona; Practical Implementation of Indigenous Peoples’ Land Rights: A Case Study of the Russian Federation (Comparison with Certain Developments in Africa in Relation to Indigenous Peoples) Malgosia Fitzmaurice; The Process of Identifying Land Rights in parts of Northern Norway: Does the Finnmark Act Prescribe an Adequate Procedure within the National Law? Øyvind Ravna;
Defending Economic, Social and Cultural Rights in Iceland’s Financial Crisis Rachael Lorna Johnstone and Aðalheiður Ámundadóttir;
Fisheries Governance and Social Discourse in Post-Crisis Iceland: Responses to the UN Human Rights Committee’s views in Case 1306/2004 Níels Einarsson; Human Rights and Security: Wider Applications in a Warmer Arctic? Alyson JK Bailes;
Holes in the Ice: Why a Comprehensive Treaty Will Not Succeed in the Arctic and How to Implement an Alternative Approach Emily Hildreth;
Observers in the Arctic Council – Evolution and Prospects Piotr Graczyk; Intergenerational Equity and the Antarctic Treaty System: Continued Efforts to Prevent “Mastery” Kees Bastmeijer;
Drawing Lessons for Arctic Governance from the Antarctic Treaty System Sebastien Duyck;
Recent Developments in Polar Law
The Polar Law Institute Gudmundur Alfredsson;
Canada’s Northern Vision Terry Fenge ;
The Creation of an Arctic Law Thematic Network (University of the Arctic) Timo Koivurova; Book Reviews
Eds. Michael Lück, Patrick T. Maher and Emma J. Stewart, 2010. Cruise Tourism in Polar Regions Promoting Environmental and Social Sustainability? By Kees Bastmeijer
Eds. Felix Dodds, Andrew Higham and Richard Sherman, 2009. Climate Change and Energy Insecurity The Challenge for Peace, Security and Development. By Michael Bradshaw
Leena Heinämäki, 2010. The right to be a part of nature: indigenous peoples and the environment. By Laura Westra
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