The Adventure of the Illustrious Scholar

Papers Presented to Oscar White Muscarella

Series:

The Adventure of the Illustrious Scholar: Papers Presented to Oscar White Muscarella, edited by Elizabeth Simpson, is a Festschrift celebrating the career of one of the foremost archaeologists of the ancient Near East. Oscar Muscarella is a former curator at the Metropolitan Museum of Art and a formidable scholar who has excavated at sites in Turkey, Iran, and the United States. He has published eight books and nearly 200 articles, excavation reports, and reviews on topics ranging from the arts of antiquity and the importance of connoisseurship, to the difficulties of dating and the problems of forgeries, the looting of ancient sites, and the antiquities trade. The forty-seven contributors are experts in the areas of Muscarella’s interests and are major scholars in their fields. This volume constitutes an unusual, important, and timely addition to the archaeological and art historical literature.
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Biographical Note

Elizabeth Simpson, PHD (1985), is Professor of Ancient Art and Archaeology at the Bard Graduate Center, New York, NY. She is Director of the Gordion Furniture Project and Consulting Scholar in the Mediterranean Section, University of Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia, PA.

Table of contents

Preface Oscar White Muscarella IntroductionElizabeth Simpson

Part 1: “There is Nothing like First-hand Evidence”

1 Oscar White Muscarella and Sherlock HolmesLaurie Adams

Part 2: Arts and Archaeology: Anatolia

2 The King Has Ass’s Ears! The Myth of Midas’s EarsSusanne Berndt 3 The Project to Reconstruct the Early Bronze Age Hattıan Royal Tombs of Alaca HöyükAykut Çınaroğlu 4 The Lydian Hoard and Its Progeny: Repatriation and the Statute of LimitationsLawrence M. Kaye 5 Labors Lost and Found in Tumulus mm at GordionRichard F. Liebhart 6 A Pithos Burial at SardisDavid Gordon Mitten 7 Attitudes toward the Past in Roman Phrygia: Survivals and RevivalsLynn E. Roller 8 The City Mound at Gordion: The Discovery, Study, and Conservation of the Wooden Fragments from Megaron 3Krysia Spirydowicz 9 Monumental Entrances, Sculpture, and Idols at Kerkenes: Aspects of Phrygian Cult East of the KizilirmakGeoffrey Summers and Françoise Summers 10 Of Fibulae, Of Course!Maya Vassileva

Part 3: Arts and Archaeology: Urartu

11 Artifacts Belonging to Queen Qaquli and Mr. Tigursagga from an Elaborately Decorated Quarter of the Ayanis FortressAltan Çilingiroğlu 12 A Fragment of a Ram’s Head Rhyton Found at Qalatgah, IranStephan Kroll 13 Toul-E Gilan and the Urartian EmpireD.T. Potts 14 Some Considerations on Urartian Burial RitesVeli Sevin 15 Architectural and Other Observations Related to Erebuni in the Late Seventh/Early Sixth Centuries b.c. David Stronach

Part 4: Arts and Archaeology: The Near East

16 Neo-Assyrian Views of Foreign Cities: A Brief SurveyPauline Albenda 17 The Role of the Petra Great Temple in the Context of Nabataean ArchaeologyMartha Sharp Joukowsky 18 Fibulae in Neo-Assyrian BurialsFriedhelm Pedde 19 Fibulae, Chronology, and Related Considerations: Marlik ReloadedChristian Konrad Piller 20 A Middle Bronze Stele from Hama and Old Syrian Cylinder SealsBarbara A. Porter 21 A Unique Human Head-Cup from the Environs of Tel Qashish in the Jezreel Valley, IsraelIrit Ziffer, Edwin C.M. van den Brink, Orit Segal and Uzi Ad

Part 5: Arts and Archaeology: The Mediterranean World

22 Back to the Future: Memory, Nostalgia, and Identity in the 12th Century b.c.e. on ParosRobert B. Koehl 23 LiturgyGünter Kopcke 24 What Did the Fisherman Catch?Mark J. Rose 25 The Weight of Good Measure: A Reassessment of the Balance Weights from the Late Bronze Age Shipwreck at UluburunRachael Dealy Salisbury

Part 6: Arts—Craft—Materials—Techniques

26 Kyme: An Ancient Center of Jewelry Production in Asia MinorÖzgen Acar 27 Voicing the Past: The Implications of Craft-referential Pottery in Ancient GreeceEinav Zamir Dembin 28 The Neoclassical Klismos Chair: Early Sources and Avenues of DiffusionAna Gutierrez-Folch 29 The Furniture of the Ramesside PharaohsGeoffrey Killen 30 Excavated Roman Jewelry: The Case of the Gold Body ChainsMeredith Nelson-Berry 31 Ivory IdentificationAnibal Rodriguez 32 Luxury Arts of the Ancient Near EastElizabeth Simpson

Part 7: Issues and Methods

33 The Literature of Loot: Notes on The Lie Became Great and Its HeirsRoger Atwood 34 Oscar the Oracle: On the Publication of Unprovenienced ObjectsLarissa Bonfante 35 The Illicit Antiquities Research Centre: Afterthoughts and AftermathsNeil Brodie 36 Illicit Traffic of Pre-Columbian AntiquitiesClemency Chase Coggins 37 The History and Continuing Impact of the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act ( nagpra )Emily Field 38 Connoisseurship Conundrums and a Visit to Hans Hofmann’s StudioCarroll Janis 39 Blue from Babylon: Notes from the Curatorial TrenchesMargaret Cool Root and Helen Dixon 40 “Outing” the Old Teaching CollectionsKaren D. Vitelli 41 Figure and Ground: Reading Ancient Near Eastern SourcesEva von Dassow

Part 8: “Leave No Stone Unturned”

42 “Elementary”Jeanette Greenfield Master Bibliography Index of Terms Authors’ Biographies

Readership

For students, scholars, and those interested in the art and archaeology of the ancient Mediterranean, Egypt, and the Near East, the protection of cultural property, museums, and current arts-related issues.

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