Economic Nationalism and Globalization

Lessons from Latin America and Central Europe


Author: Henryk Szlajfer
In Economic Nationalism and Globalization: Lessons from Latin America and Central Europe Henryk Szlajfer offers, against the background of developments in Latin America (mainly Brazil) and Central Europe (mainly Poland) in times of first globalization from late 19th century until late 1930s, a reinterpretation of economic nationalism both as an analytical category and historical experience. Also, critically explored are attempts at proto-economic nationalism in early 19th century Poland and Latin America as well as links between economic nationalism and the emergence of integral political nationalism and authoritarianism.

Economic nationalism is interpreted as historically significant world-wide phenomenon intimately linked with the birth, development and crisis of capitalist modernity and as a response to underdevelopment under first globalization. Continuity of economic nationalism under present globalization is suggested.

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Henryk Szlajfer, Ph.D. (1977) in Sociology and Habilitation (2006) in Political Sciences, is Professor at the Institute of Americas and Europe, Warsaw University, and the Institute of Political Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences. He has published on Latin American economic and political modern history and European international affairs. Co-editor of Western Europe, Eastern Europe and World Development 13th–18th Centuries. Collection of Essays of Marian Małowist (Brill 2010).
Note on terminology


1. Setting the agenda

2. Precursors
Mercantilist antecedents: ‘The improvement of our Lands’
Friedrich List and his System: ‘an English State secret’
John Maynard Keynes: ‘if we happen to want it’

3. Categories
National economy: elusive concept?
Holistic and particularistic nationalisms
Digression: the state

4. Against ‘wishes and dreams’: foreign capital and economic nationalism
Foreign capital as an enemy?
Commodities, capital, migrations
Protectionism and foreign capital

5. Beyond liberalism: transformations of political nationalism
Toward integral nationalism
Anti-liberal temptation: autocracy and integral nationalism
Latin American liberal-conservative consensus
Populist response


6. A proto-nationalist interlude
The Kingdom of Poland and Latin America:
similarities and dissimilarities
After discontinuité structurelle
Variants of industrialization
Selected problems
Failure and some long-term consequences

7. Issues in primary-sector nationalism: Latin America
The heritage: a note
An internationalist protectionist state
Varieties of the export sector and economic nationalism
The regional dimension
Transformational potential of primary-sector nationalism

8. Pieces of a puzzle: toward holistic nationalism
The restrained nationalism of industrialists
Holistic nationalism as an enforced process
Against foreign domination: yes, but
‘Those who don’t obey the rules win’: beyond orthodoxy
‘Economic independence’ as state business: étatisme

All those interested in economic history of and theorizing on underdevelopment and globalization and attempts at industrialization, and anyone concerned with the comparative studies on Latin America and Central Europe.